drawings ‘impressionist’ expositions

 

 

Impressionism, a historical reconstruction:

The ‘impressionist’ expositions

1874 – 1886

Exhibited drawings

overview + slideshow

Which drawings were shown at the ‘impressionist’ expositions?
At the 8 ‘impressionist’ expositions held from 1874-1886 in Paris there were about 111 drawings exhibited, about 5,4% of the total amount of 2053 art-works. Namely in 1879 and 1886 many drawings were exhibited. 20 of the 57 partakers exhibited drawings, namely Lebourg, Rouart and Redon. At the bottom of this page you will find an overview and a short account per year. Note: If you double click on the first picture and then click on full screen, you can create a slideshow. On a smartphone or laptop you can also zoom in. Enjoy!

Overview number of drawings exhibited:
At the 8 ‘impressionist’ expositions held from 1874-1886 in Paris there were about 111 drawings exhibited, about 5,4% of the total amount of 2053 art-works. 20 of the 57 partakers exhibited drawings. Most just showed just 1, 2 or 3 drawings. Lebourg, Rouart and Redon showed the largest amounts of drawings. Namely in 1879 and 1886 many drawings were exhibited, respectively 37 and 31. In 1882 just 1 and in 1877 just 2 drawings were exhibited by just 1 artist. Degas and Forain showed at 4 respectively 3 expositions drawings.

overview number of drawings exhibited 1874 - 1886

 

Account:
The drawings exhibited at the ‘impressionist’ expositions often were not described in the reviews. Often the title is just ‘dessin’. Often the partakers didn’t date their drawings. All, this makes identification (almost) impossible. So I often just render some drawings of the partaker, just to give an impression of the drawings they made. Sometimes, it is suggested there was not a drawing exhibited, but a work made with pastel, aquarelle, thinned oil or a mix of those. Namely, this is the case with Degas and Forain. I avoid these suggestions, when there are no explicit arguments for it, and try to follow the notification of the catalogue. On the pages of the exhibited works of the partakers you will find several alternative suggestions (to compare). On this page I render only drawings or drawings that are a bit enhanced with other techniques, but that are still discernable as drawings. Sometimes, it is more likely the indicated ‘dessins’ were no drawings, this is also indicated here below and they are not counted as drawings and not rendered at this page. In the slideshows I also render for a ‘dessin’ works made with other techniques to compare, indicated here below with the catalogue number in orange. For many drawings I have no suggestions at all, this I render here below in red.

In 1874 the following 5 partakers exhibited drawings: Bracquemond 1x (catalogue no.23); Brandon 2x (no.30+32); Debras 1x (no.52); Meyer 1x (no.91bis). The catalogue indicates that Degas showed 4 drawings (nos.58+59+60+62); but maybe he used mixed techniques, but as long as more certain suggestions are given, I still assume they were all drawings. So in total there were probably 9 drawings exhibited, about 4% of the total amount of about 225 art-works.

In 1876 the following 4 partakers exhibited drawings: Cals 3x (catalogue no.33+34+35); Degas 1x (no.59); Jean-Baptiste Millet probably showed 2 (sépia) drawings (no. 145+146); Rouart showed 2 drawings, 1 with chinese ink (no.234) and 1 with sépia (no.235). So in total there were probably 8 drawings exhibited, about 2,7% of the total amount of about 298 art-works.

In 1877 only Morisot exhibited 2 drawings (catalogue no.130+131). So in total there were probably just 2 drawings exhibited, less than 1% of the total amount of about 249 art-works. Note: The numbers 58-60 of Degas ‘Dessins faits à l’encre grasse et imprimés’ probably were monotypes, so I will count them as engravings.

In 1879 the following 6 partakers exhibited drawings: Marie Bracquemond showed 3 large panels forming 1 large picture, so I will count it as 1 drawing and render 1 composed picture (catalogue no.1); Cals 5x (nos.41 +42 +43 +44 +45); Forain 1x (no.107); Lebourg 10x! (nos.128-137); Rouart 14x! (nos.214 +215 +216 +217 +218 +219 +220 +221 +222 +223 +224 +225 +226 +227); Somm maybe 6x (no.230). So in total there were maybe 37 drawings exhibited, about 13,6% of the total amount of about 272 art-works. This is quite much.

In 1880 the following 4 partakers exhibited drawings: the catalogue doesn’t render a technique for no.4 of Félix Bracquemond, but reviews indicate it was a drawing (note: there are also etchings of this portrait); Lebourg 10x! (nos.95-104); Jean-François Raffaëlli 1x (no.175); no.42+43 of Degas each contained at least 2 ‘dessins’, but as reviews noted probably (1 or) 2 of them were pastels, so I assume Degas showed 2 drawings. So in total there were probably 14 drawings exhibited, about 4,5% of the total amount of about 309 art-works. Note: probably the drawings of Forain were watercolours or gouaches so I won’t count them here (nos.47-52).

In 1881 the following 3 partakers exhibited drawings: Forain 4x (no.26-29); Raffaëlli 1x (no.120); Zandomeneghi 1x (no.168); assumably  Degas exhibited probably 3 drawings (hc3). So in total there were 9 drawings exhibited, about 4,8% of the total amount of about 187 art-works.

In 1882 Vignon, as only partaker, exhibited 1 study made with 4 pencils (no.203); this is less than 1% of the total amount of about 212 art-works.

In 1886 the following 7 partakers exhibited drawings: Marie Bracquemond 1x (no.1); Forain 1x (no.40; but maybe he used mixed techniques); Morisot exhibited  a serie of at least 2, but I assume 6 drawings (no.92); though the catalogue didn’t indicate that Redon exhibited drawings, probably he showed 15! (nos.124-138); Seurat 3x (no.181-183); Signac 3x (no.199+200+201); no.217 of Tillot contained a collection of studies with Chinese ink; so at least 2, maybe more. So in total there were probably 31 drawings exhibited, about 10,3% of the total amount of about 301 art-works, half of them by Redon. This is quite much.

So, in total there were about 111 drawings exhibited at the 8 ‘impressionist’ expositions, 5,4% of the total amount of about 2053 art-works.
In the slide-show you will find 87 (often uncertain) suggestions.

 

Overview missing drawings:
Here below you will find an overview of 24 drawings for which I have no suggestion or just another work (in another technique) to compare, which I don’t include in the slideshow above.

Brandon:
1IE-1874-32,   Exposition du corps de Sainte-Brigitte à Rome, en 1392 (carton fusain)

Cals:
4IE-1879-42,   Le dimanche à Saint-Siméon, Honfleur (dessin); appartient à Mme R…

Debras:
1IE-1874-52,   San Juan de la Rapita (Espagne); dessin

Meyer:
1IE-1874-91bis,   Idylle, dessin

Jean-Baptiste Millet:
2IE-1876-145,  Le verger (sépia)
2IE-1876-146,  Le labourage (sépia rehaussée)

Rouart:
2IE-1876-235,  Dans un parc (sépia)
4IE-1879-214,  Château de Tour-Noël (dessin)
4IE-1879-215,  Royat (dessin)
4IE-1879-216,  Chateldon (dessin)
4IE-1879-217,  Château de Chateldon (dessin)
4IE-1879-218,  Thiers (dessin)
4IE-1879-219,  Vue prise de Pau (dessin)
4IE-1879-220,  Sous les Frênes (dessin)
4IE-1879-221,  Port de Melun (dessin)
4IE-1879-223,  Plaine de Brie (dessin)
4IE-1879-224,  Sous les châtaigniers (dessin)
4IE-1879-225,  Crozant (dessin)
4IE-1879-226,  – (dessin)
4IE-1879-227,  – (dessin)

Signac:
8IE-1886-200,  Aux Tuileries; dessin; appartient à M. J.K. Huysmans

Tillot:
8IE-1886-217-1,  Recueil de croquis à l’encre de Chine
8IE-1886-217-2,  Recueil de croquis à l’encre de Chine

Vignon:
7IE-1882-203,  Étude , quatre crayons

 

Sources:
Note: the given suggestions vary from certain (=!), to almost certain (=?!), to uncertain (=?), to very uncertain (=??), to most uncertain (=???), to compare (=compare🙂 another work of the artist. Sometimes I have no suggestion at all. See the accounts of the partaking artists in the left menu (or at the bottom).
My main sources are the catalogues of the 8 ‘impressionist’ expositions as rendered by Moffett (1986=R2), Berson (1996=R90I) and the Salon database (iR1). See the link for other general References (=Rx) and to the internet references (=iRx). See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.

 

Recommanded citation: “Impressionism: Overview of the exhibited drawings at the ‘impressionist’ expositions (1874-1886). Last modified 2024/02/11. https://www.impressionism.nl/drawings-impressionist-expositions/.”

 

Note: more and better suggestions will be added in the future.