Vidal, Eugène

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 Eugène(-Vincent) Vidal

(1844/47/50 – 1907/8)

 

 

Was Eugène-Vincent Vidal an Impressionist?

Vidal only joined the 5th and 6th ‘impressionist’ exposition in total exhibiting only 10 works. There is not much known about him, but he seems to be just a side-figure within the ‘impressionist’ art-movement. Still, 1892 onwards, he choose to exhibit with the independent Société National des Beaux-Arts.
Vidal mainly made portraits, rendering especially elegant ladies. Mostly the figures are clearly discerned from their background. He mostly renders detail. His brushstroke is quite smooth. Vidal doesn’t seem to be focused on the influence of light on colour. Mostly his paintings are quite bright. A black dress is rendered with black paint. So we can say that overall Vidal did not paint in an impressionist style.

 

 

Eugène Vidal at the Salon:

Before Eugène Vidal exhibited with the Impressionists, he exhibited at the Salon in 1873/ 74/ 75/ 76/ 78 (iR1;R3;R9;iR69). And afterwards he exhibited again at the Salon in 1882/ 83/ 85 (iR1;R9). So in total he exhibited 7 times at the Salon showing 10 works.
There also was a Vincent Vidal, born 1811 in Carcassonne and died in Paris 1887, who exhibited regularly at the Salon from 1857-87 (R9,p725;iR1). And a Henri Vidal, born in Charenton, who regularly exhibited from 1887-1905. There also exhibited a Marie-Louis-Pierre Vidal in 1887, a Louis in 1891, a Mlle Ellena in 1895, a Ernest in 1905.  (iR1).
See link for his -/-art-works. See link for an +/-account.

 

Eugène Vidal joined the ‘impressionist’ expositions in 1880 and 1881:

At the 5th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1880 Vidal showed 9 works (catalogue numbers 207-215; R2,p314), 8 of them portraits and figure painting.
At the 6th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1881 Vidal showed just 1 work (catalogue number 150; R2,p356), a café scene he perhaps also showed in 1880.
See link for his -/-art-works. See link for an +/-account.

 

Vidal at other exhibitions:

Vidal exhibited at regularly at the Salons of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. He did so in 1892 / 93/ 94/ 95/ 96/ 97 / 98/ 99/ 1902 / 03 / 06 / 07 and posthumous in 1908. (iR1) Vidal was a ‘Sociétaire (au dessin)’ and a ‘Associé à la peinture’ de la Société nationale des Beaux-Arts (iR1). In 1900 Vidal received a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle, with studies and pastels (iR69;R3;R9;iR60)

 

Eugène-Vincent Vidal as an artist:

Vidal was a pupil of Gérôme (iR1;R9;R3;iR69). Also followed the École des Beaux-Arts (R9). Some claim that Vidal was a protégé of Degas and belonged to his faction (R1,p449;R5,p125); Caillebotte (1881/01/24) does so and calls him a fighter of Realism (R102,p275).
In Alger he painted with a thick, firm, generous paste (R9;iR69). He had an eclectic style (R9).
Did Vidal meet Lebourg in Alger?

 

Eugène Vincent Vidal, a short biography:

  • Eugène-Vincent Vidal was born in Paris. Some sources render he was born in 1844 (iR60), 1847 (R3), 1850 (R9;iR69;iR24;iR11;iR41)
  • 1873?-74: Vidal lived at 62, rue Legendre, Paris (Batignolles) (iR1)
  • 1873ca: Journey to Alger (R9;R3)
  • 1875: Vidal lived at 5, passage Masséna, Neuilly (Seine) (iR1)
  • 1876: Vidal stayed in Algiers, at the École des Beaux-Arts (iR1)
  • 1878-80: Vidal lived at 44, Rue de la Tour-d’Auvergne, Paris (iR1;R2,p314)
  • 1881: Vidal lived at 26, boulevard de Clichy, Paris (R2,p356)
    1882: Vidal lived at 20, boulevard de Clichy, Paris (iR1); was this the same address, but the numbers change?
  • 1883: Vidal lived at 11, boulevard de Clichy, Paris (iR1)
  • 1892-93: Vidal lived at 44, Rue Villejust, Paris (iR1)
  • 1894-97: Vidal lived at 233, Faubourg Saint-Honoré (iR1)
    1897-1907: Vidal lived at 235, Faubourg Saint-Honoré, Paris, 16th arrondissement; 1906 onwards this is called the 8th arrondissement (iR1); maybe it was the same address and that the number had changed.
  • 1895: Vidal also lived at 54, Rue Lepic (iR1)
  • 1907/1908: Vidal died in Cagnes-sur-mer (iR23;R3;R9;iR60;iR24). Some sources note that he died in 1907 (R3;iR60), others 1908 (R9;R2,p509;iR60;iR69;iR24;iR11;iR41;iR23)
  • 1908/04/15: at the start of the Salon of the Société National des Beaux-Arts Eugène Vidal had passed (iR1)

 

Sources:

Note: there is no Wikipedia page on Eugène Vidal. My main sources are Rewald (1973=R1), Moffett (1986, R2), Walther (2013, R3,p702), Denvir (1993=R5), Schurr&Cabanne (2008=R9,p725), Berhaut (1994=R102), the Salon database (iR1), RKD (iR24), ULAN (iR60), Bénézit (iR69) and the additional references (aRx). For other general references (=R) see. My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are Wikimedia (iR6) and xx. For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
For further reading:
Bénézit (1976,vol.X,p492/3=R75;1999=R76); Busse (1977=R77); Witt (1978,p316=R78); Allgemeines Künstlerlexicon (=R81). (iR24;iR60)

 

Additional references:

  1. x