Astruc account

 

 

Impressionism, a historical reconstruction:

Zacharie Astruc

(1833-1907)

Account

of his exhibited art-works

 

Introduction:
On this page you will find an account of the works Zacharie Astruc exhibited at the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874 (=1IE-1874), at the Salon (=S), at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français (=SdAF) and at other exhibitions. On the internet and in books there are not much pictures of Astruc to be found. Most are sculptures or water-colours of his later years. I give only three suggestions of which works were to be seen at the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition. Moffett (R2,p118+124) and Berson (R90II,p15) give only two suggestions; Adhémar did give one (R87,p229). For other references / sources see at the bottom of the main page on Zacharie Astruc. See links for a thematical overview of his pictures and of is sculptures. See link for an impression of the works exhibited in 1874.

 

Overview 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition 1874:

  • catalogue numbers 1-6: 6
  • no.1 +2 were aquarelles.
  • no. 3 contained 6 aquarelles: 6+5=11
    assuming 1IE-1874-3-2 consists of just one frame
  • no. 4 contained of 4 works, mostly this means they were oil paintings, but probably they were aquarelles: 11+3=14
  • so in total Astruc showed 14 works;
  • note 1: no. 3 and 4 were presented within one frame and sold as one work, so in that sense you could also say that Astruc showed just 6 works, but the fact that they are nowadays known as distinguishable artworks makes me choose to say that Astruc showed 14 works.
  • note 2: Drumont and Le Père siffleur only speak of watercolours and explicitly mention his Poupées blanches, which was not indicated in the catalogue as a watercolour. Droumont also refers to ‘greyish Flanders’. This could refer to no.3-1 and 3-3 which are indicated as watercolours, but also to no. 4-1, 4-2 and 4-4 which are not indicated as watercolours. The reviews of De Lora and  in Le Phare de la Loire also suggest there were only watercolours rendered. The only works I know of Astruc are only watercolours (including gouaches) and sculptures. Also at the 1878 auction at Hôtel Drouot, only knew watercolours of Astruc (aR22,p59). So I assume all the works he exhibited were aquarelles.
    • 8 aquarelles, 6 works not indicated, which mostly means they are oil paintings, but probably they also were aquarelles, so 14 aquarelles
    • 7x an indication of place (mostly very global)
      5x referring to Flandres of which 2 more specific of districts in Brussels
    • 0x an indication of time, season or weather
    • 0x a study
    • 0x a loan
  • see his (exhibited) pictures.
  • My main sources are:
    Dayez / Adhémar 1874 (R87,p229)
    Moffett 1886 (R2,p118+124)
    Berson 1996 (R90II,p3+15)
    Patry/Robbins 2024 (R410,p273+32-35)

Reviews:
Ernest d’Hervilly called Astruc as one of the first members of ‘la société coopérative’ and later remarked ‘M. G. Colin, M. Boudin and M. Z. Astruc, all artists of great value, who brought to the Exhibition of paintings the fine flower of their talent for research and exploration.’ (R87,p256/7;R90I,p24).
Léon de Lora (1874/04/18)  reviewed ‘Mr. Zacharie Astruc has a whole collection of bright, lively watercolours, bursting with colour and light, which catch the attention of visitors.’ (R87,p229+257;R90I,p27).
Burty (1874/04/25) reviewed ‘his landscapes are full of flavour.’ (R87,p229+262;R90I,p37).
Drumont (1874/04/19) reviewed ‘see here the brilliant watercolours of Zacharie Astruc, le Vieux torero, a true painting, l’Intérieur japonais, Les Poupées blanches… Let him take us for a walk in sunny Spain, in greyish Flanders, in this prodigious and fantastic Japan that our dreams present to us in such marvellous aspects, Zacharie Astruc is always the same, it gives you the feeling of something seen, of a known site, of an hour spent in the middle of this scenery.’ (R90I,p21).
Le Père siffleur (1874/04/26) reviews ‘The watercolours of Zacharie Astruc are marvelous. You can’t see anything more charming than his Intérieur japonais et his Poupées blanches.’ (R90I,p38).
Le Phare de la Loire (1874/04/18) reviewed ‘Let us at the end mention the watercolours of M. Zacharie Astruc, among them Le Bouquet et la Pénitente, a spiritually rendered Spanish scene, (iR437).

Catalogue (R2,p118;R87,p229;R90I,p3;R410,p263;R411):

1IE-1874-1, Le Bouquet à la pénitente (aquarelle)
Eng: The (flower) bouquet of the penitent (?) (watercolour); Nl.: Het boeket van de boetvaardige (?) (aquarel).
It was priced 400fr (iR411).
Le Phare de la Loire (1874/04/18) rendered the title as ‘Le Bouquet et la Pénitente’ and reviewed it as ‘spiritually rendered Spanish scene’ (iR437).
I can image that it depicted something like a bouquet of flowers offered by a penitent lover to his loved one, in short: a bouquet of flowers for forgiveness. Some sort of flowers are given this symbolic meaning: A white tulip, a bouquet of daffodils, spring crocus (also known as the penitent’s rose), the blue hyacinth and white orchids (see an article of Eve Dennis). But I couldn’t find pictures of Astruc with these flowers. So, I render an oil painting of Henri Fantin-Latour (1836-1904): 1875, Daffodils in a glass vase, oil (iR10;iR358).
and also a random aquarelle flower still-life of Zacharie Astruc: .18xx, Vase de fleurs, xx, A2009/10/27 (iR10;iR17).

1IE-1874-2, La Leçon du vieux torero (aquarelle)
Eng.: The lesson of the old bullfighter; Nl.: De les van de oude stierenvechter.
It was priced 800fr (iR411).
Drumont calls it ‘a true painting’ (R90I,p21).
Because bullfighting is mostly done in Spain, probably this work was made in Spain. Astruc made several works with Spanish themes. As a very uncertain suggestion I render a watercolour which maybe depicts an old bullfighter, or better a crippled former bullfighter; maybe in this being crippled lies a lesson: 1873, Scène de rue à Cuenca, wc, 57×80, MBA Pau (iR6;M170).

1IE-1874-3, Cadre de figures contenant: (aquarelles)
Eng.: Framework with picture containing; (watercolours)  Nl.: (Schilders)lijst met afbeelding bevattende:
Note: within this single catalogue number follow 6 aquarelles
The total price 2900fr (iR411).

1IE-1874-3-1, Dames flamandes à leur fenêtre
Eng.: Flemish women at their windows;  Nl.: Vlaamse vrouwen bij hun raam.
Compare: Zacharie Astruc, 1867ca, Woman on her balcony, wc, 30×22, Kh Bremen (iR10;iR13;M58).
Maybe this is the same as: HD1878/04/11-122, Jeune femme rêvant à sa fenêtre; villa de Saint-Germain.
Compare also:
HD1878/04/11-101, La grande place à Bruxelles; Vue d’une fenêtre.
+ HD1878/04/11-103, Le tombeau de la Malibran et vieille église de Laeken; Vus par une fenêtre.

1IE-1874-3-2, Scène de somnambulisme
Eng.: Scene of sleepwalking; Nl.: Tafereel met slaapwandelen.
Dayez, Moffett and Berson don’t render a suggestion.
Berson leaves out this work, which means according to her there were no reviews (R90II,p3).
Patry/Robbins suggest: 1871, SDbl, Sleeping woman in the artist’s interior (Scènes de somnambulisme), wc, 56×42, Musée de l’Opéra de Vichy (M21;iR438;iR10;R2,p118;R410,p33+273), which I will follow.
Note: Drumont and Le Père siffleur speak of a ‘Intérieur Japonais’ (R90I,p21+38), this picture fits this description.
Compare: HD1878/04/11-116, Petite poseuse endormie dans un atelier (aR22).

1IE-1874-3-3, Enfants flamands dans une serre
Eng.: Flemish children in a greenhouse;    Nl.: Vlaamse kinderen in een serre.
Compare no. 118 of the Drouot auction in 1878 (aR22), Enfants dans une serre (scène flamande).
Maybe depicting children in the Jardin botanique national de Belgique, also Jardin botanique de Meise, near Brussels (iR4).
To compare I render a photographe of this garden with children on it.
To compare I also render an aquarelle of Astruc depicting his wife: 1867, Ida en costume de Castilla, wc, 20×16, A2016/12/16 (iR11;iR13).

1IE-1874-3-4, Poupées japonaises
Eng.: Japanese dolls; Nl.: Japanse speelpoppen.
This work was mentioned by contemporary critics: Burty (1874/04/25) reviewed they have ’the same lively motionlessness as the original’ (R87,p229+262;R90I,p37). E.C. only mentions this work (R90I,p11).
Adhémar, Moffett, nor Berson render a suggestion.
Patry/Robbins suggest: 1871ca, Jouets d’Isabelle, wc, 37×27, private (R410,p32+273;iR10;R2,p118;aR22;iR1), I will follow.
Probably the same as: HD-1878-104, Poupées japonaises (Jouets d’Isabelle) (aR22);
=!? S1879-3089, Petites poupées japonaises, jouets d’Isabelle; aquarelle Appartient à M. Lambert (iR1).
Maybe the same as HD1879/06/06+07, no.9, Les Poupées japonaises (jouets d’Isabelle); aquarelle. (benefit auction for Mme + Mll Louis Mouchot) (iR40)
Compare: SdAF-1880-4008 with a similar title.
Compare also: HD1878/04/11-119, Poupées japonaises musiciennes (jouets d’Isabelle).

1IE-1874-3-5, Les Présents chinois (Londres)
Eng.: The Chinese presents (London); Nl.: De Chinese cadeaus (Londen).
Following Flescher (aR1) Moffett (R2,p118) suggests ‘Les Présents Chinois (Londres) (or: Chinese gifts)’ from a private collection.
Also suggested by Adhémar, Berson and Patry/Robbins.
Now: 1871ca, The Chinese presents, aquarelle / gouache, 38x55cm, Flescher New York (iR6;R2,p124+118;R90II,p3+15;R410,p34+273).
Note: how thick the colours are in this picture; it looks like an oil painting, but it is probably a gouache.
Compare no.120 of the Drouot auction in 1878 (aR22), ‘Les présents chinois, jeunes filles anglaises essayant des parures’. (Eng.: English girls trying on ornaments)

1IE-1874-3-6, Intérieur parisien
Eng.: Paris Interior; Nl.: Inrichting van een kamer in Parijs.
Following Flescher (aR1) Moffett (R2,p118) suggests ‘Intérieur Parisien (or: Parisian interieur)’ in Musée AHA d’Évreux.
Also suggested by Adhémar, Berson and Patry/Robbins.
Now: 1874, A Parisien interieur, gouache, 36x28cm, MBA Évreux (aR17;iR2;iR23;R87,p229;R90II,p3+15;R2,p118;R410,p35+273)
Note: how thick the colours are in this picture; it looks like an oil painting, but it is a gouache.
Note: Drumont and Le Père siffleur speak of a ‘Intérieur Japonais’ (R90I,p21+38), but this picture doesn’t look that way.
Compare no. 121 of the Drouot auction in 1878 (aR22), ‘dame dans son intérieur’.

1IE-1874-4,  Cadre de paysages renfermant:
Eng.: Framework with landscapes containing…: Nl.: (Schilders)lijst met landschappen bevattende…:
Note: this single catalogue number contains 4 paintings.
The total price 1200fr (iR411).
It seems that all these works were made in Flanders. I was not able to find a single work that comes close to it. To compare I render just another landscape: Astruc, 1869-70ca, Landscape with wagon and Hay sticks (aquarelle), 14x17cm, Metropolitan (iR2).

1IE-1874-4-1, Estaminet dans les Flandres
Eng.: Small café in Flanders; Nl.: Kroeg in Vlaanderen.
Maybe the same as: HD1878/04/11-112, Estaminet dans la campagne flamande (aR22).
=??: 18xx, Couple in a farmyard, wc, 26×33, A2021/02/16 (iR42)
Compare: HD1878/04/11-109, Chaumière flamande (aR22).

1IE-1874-4-2, Jardins de Schaerbeek
Eng.: The gardens of Schaerbeek (= district of Brussels); Nl.: De tuinen van Schaerbeek (= wijk van Brussel). For the location see (iR9).
Compare: HD1878/04/11-100, Le village de Schaerbeck en mars (aR22).
To compare I render a photo of Parc Josaphat in Schaerbeek (iR4).
To compare I render a more recent aquarelle of Betty Scutenaire: 1992, Jardin (Schaerbeek), aquarelle, 45×54 (see link).
To compare I render also an aquarelle of Astruc depicting a landscape: 1869-70ca, Landscape with wagon and haysticks (aquarelle), 14x17cm, Metropolitan (iR2).

1IE-1874-4-3, Intérieur d’estaminet
Eng.:  Interior of a small café; Nl.: Inrichting van een kroeg.
To compare I render an oil painting of Johannes Lodewijk  Moerman (1850-96): 1893, Interior of an Estaminet at Cologne, on panel, 18×24, xx (iR48; iR10).
To compare I also render a detail of an interior by Astruc: 1874, A Parisien interior (detail), gouache, 36x28cm, MBA Évreux (HW;aR17;iR2;iR23;R87,p229;R90II,p3+15;R2,p118;R410,p35+273).

1IE-1874-4-4, Étang de Saint-Josse-ten-Noode (Flandres)
Eng.: Lake of … (=district of Brussels; in its park?); Nl.: Vijver van … (=wijk van Brussel, in het betreffende park?).
For the location of the district see and of the possible pond in the park see (iR9).
E.C. only mentions this work (R90I,p11).
Compare: HD1878/04/11-113, L’Étang d’Ixelles (Bruxelles) (aR22).
I found 5 drawings depicting this lake at Saint-Josse-ten-Noode done by Emile Puttaert and now in the Musées Royaux d’Art et d’Histoire in Brussels (iR414; M80). I render one to compare.
I also render to compare a watercolour of Astruc depicting (probably) a lake: 18xx, Sbr, Promenade en barque (Woman with a parasol in a boat), wc, 25×17, A2020/03/15 (iR17;iR116;iR10).

1IE-1874-5, Les Poupées Blanches (Japon)
Eng.: The white (Japanese) dolls; Nl.: De witte (Japanse) speelpoppen.
It was priced 490fr (iR411).
Drumont and Le Père siffleur only mention this work (R90I,p21+38).
Maybe the same as no.102 of the Drouot auction in 1878 (aR22): Grandes Poupées blanches japonaise.
and also as SdAF-1880-4008 with about the same title.
To compare I render a detail from a painting by Adrien Moreau (1868-1905): Her Japanese Dolls (iR114;iR10), depicting several Japanese dolls.
To compare I render a painting of William Logsdail: 1903, An Anglo-japanese Alliance (iR114;iR10), depicting a child with a large Japanese doll.
To compare I also render a detail of the work suggested for no. 1IE-1874-3-4: 1871ca, Jouets d’Isabelle, wc, 37×27, private (R410,p32+273;iR10;R2,p118;aR22;iR1).

1IE-1874-6, Le Ménage mal assorti
Eng.: The badly fitted housekeeping (?); Nl.: Een slecht geschikt huishouden. Compare: Een huishouden van Jan Steen = The household of Jan Steen. Probably depicting a messy household / an untidy interior.
It was priced 300fr (iR411).
To compare I render Jan Steen (1626-1679): 1663, In Luxury Beware, 105×145, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna (iR135;iR10).
To compare I also render a detail of an interior by Astruc, a bit more tidy: 1874, A Parisien interior (detail), gouache, 36x28cm, MBA Évreux (HW;aR17;iR2;iR23;R87,p229;R90II,p3+15;R2,p118;R410,p35+273).

 

Zacharie Astruc at the Salon:
Astruc exhibited almost yearly at the Salon (=S) and the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français (=SdAF). In 1891/ 92/ 97/ 98/ 99/ 1900 he exhibited hors concours (iR1).
See links for a thematical overview of his pictures and of is sculptures.

Compare other artists called Astruc:
In 1865 an artist called F. Astruc exhibited in Toulouse 2 works: ‘le dimanche’ and ‘un effet de nuit’. This Astruc lived in Toulouse. In 1868 maybe the same artist called Frédéric Astruc exhibited at the Salon of 1868, with ‘Portrait de l’auteur’and ‘Vue prise à Paris ; effet de neige’. The catalogue mentions he was born in Puivert (Aude), about 60km north of the Pyrenees. The address is the same as where Zacharie Astruc lived the following years: Rue Lemercier, 91. In 1875 this Frederic Astruc would exhibit at the Salon des Refusés with a portrait. He than lived at 12, Rue Nollet in Paris. Later on he would exhibit at the Salon sometimes and at regional exhibitions. Was he a nephew of Zacharie?
In 1887 + 88 + 90 misses Pauline Astruc, also born in Anger and pupil of Zacharie exhibited watercolours. Was she a younger sister? In 1889 Jules-Godefrov Astruc, born in Avignon, exhibited at the Salon a project what had to lead to his diploma for the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In 1892 + 98 Jean-Bathélémy Astruc, born in Montpellier, exhibited sculptures at the Salon.

S1869-2476, Trois aquarelles; même numéro. (Souvenirs du Languedoc)
Eng.: Three watercolours; same number. (Memories of Languedoc).

S1869-2477, Cinq aquarelles; même numéro: Sujets divers (Voir à la Sculpture)
Eng.: five watercolours; same number: different subjects.

S1869-3225, Homme lisant; médaillon, plâtre
Eng.: Man reading; medallion, plaster

S1869-3226, Le moine; bas-relief, plâtre
Eng.: The monk; bas-relief, plaster. Compare 1893-2513.

S1870-3022, Huit aquarelles; même numéro: Vues prises aux environs de Paris
Eng.: Eight watercolours; same number: Views taken around Paris.
As a very uncertain suggestion I render: 1869-70ca, Landscape with wagon and haysticks, wc, 14×17, Metropolitan (iR6;iR2).

S1870-3023, Six aquarelles; même numéro: Sujets divers
Eng.: Six watercolours; same number: Various subjects

S1870-4250, L’Enfant au jouet; bas-relief, plâtre
Eng.: The Child with the toy; bas-relief, plaster.
Compare: S1879-3089 aquarelle with a same theme.

S1870-4251, Portrait de M. Barbey d’Aurevilly; médaillon, plâtre
Maybe: 18xx, Masque de Barbey D’Aurevilly, plâtre, 33h, MBA Chambéry (iR23).
=? SRC-1897-4, Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly (haut-relief).
Compare: S1876-3551 + SRC-1897-3, (Portrait de) Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly (buste bronze).

S1872-1546, Dom Bazile; bas-relief, plâtre Sculpture, gravure en médailles et en pierres fines)
Eng.: Dom Bazile; bas-relief, plaster.
Le National (1872/06/01) reviewed ‘And the most topical work from the 1872 Salon is certainly the large bas-relief of M. Zacharie Astruc, which shows, emerging from a gateway to the Alhambra…’ (iR40)

S1874-1869 Les aigles de Visagra, à Tolède (Espagne); aquarelle
Eng.: The eagles of Visagra, in Toledo (Spain); watercolour.

S1874-1870, Répétition pour un ballet; aquarelle
Eng.: Rehearsal for a ballet; watercolour. Note: the theme resembles the works of Degas.

S1874-2647, Portrait de M. F. Ponce; bas-relief, plâtre
Eng.: Portrait of M. F. Ponce; bas-relief, plaster.

S1875-2028, Les balcons roses ; Espagne
(Dessins, cartons, aquarelles, pastels, miniatures, vitraux, émaux, porcelaines, faïences)
Eng.: Pink balconies; Spain.

S1876-3051, Portrait de M. Barbey d’Aurevilly; buste, bronze
Note: the same title as S1870-4251. Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly (1808-1889). Now: 1876, Portrait de Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, buste bronze, 82x62x35, Musée Barbey d’Aurevilly in Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte (Orsay loan, RF1407) (iR5;iR23). =? SRC-1897-3, Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly (buste bronze)

S1877-2230, Saint François d’Assise, d’après Alonso Cano; aquarelle (Voir Sculpture)
Compare his sculpture: 1873-74, Saint François en extase, sc, xx, NCG Copenhagen (iR10).
To compare I render a sculpture: 1873-74, Saint François en extase, sc, xx, NCG Copenhagen (iR10).
Compare also no.99 of the Drouot auction in 1878 (aR22).

S1877-3575, Portrait de Mme I.-Z. Astruc; buste, plâtre (Voir Dessins)
Eng.: Portrait of Mrs. I.-Z. Astruc; bust, plaster.
The  Dutch Wikipedia site writes that a bronze buste of Isabelle Astruc is now in MBA Angers (iR5).
It is unclear if this refers to a sculpture of his daughter Isabelle exhibited in 1883 (iR23), or to plaster buste of his wife probably exhibited as S1878-4017 (and as S1892-2232).
To compare I render: Astruc, 18xx, Buste de femme, sculpture / bronze?, h48, xx (iR10;iR12).

S1878-4016, L’Aurore; bas-relief, plâtre
Eng.: The Dawn; bas-relief, plaster. Note: a quite impressionist title for a sculpture.

S1878-4017, Carmen; buste, plâtre
Eng.: Carmen; bust, plaster.
Probably now: 
1878ca, Madame Astruc en espagnole (Carmen; sur éventail), sc plâtre, 78x60x40, MBA Angers (aR4;iR23).
Compare also S1877-3575 and S1892-2232.

S1879-3089, Petites poupées japonaises, jouets d’Isabelle; aquarelle Appartient à M. Lambert
Eng.: Small Japanese dolls, Isabelle’s toys; watercolour Belongs to Mr. Lambert.
Maybe the same as HD-1878-104 and 1IE-1874-3-4.
Compare a sculpture with a same theme: S1870-4250, L’Enfant au jouet; bas-relief, plâtre.

 

Salon (de la société) des artistes Française:
(1887 onwards Astruc is called a sociétaire de la Société des Artistes Français)

SdAF-1880-4008, Poupées blanches japonaises; aquarelle
Maybe the same as 1IE-1874-5, Les Poupées Blanches (Japon) and HD1878-102.
Compare: S1870-4250, 1IE-1874-3-4, HD1878-104, S1879-3089, all with similar themes.

SdAF-1880- 6060, Portrait du chanteur Barroilhet; bas-relief, plâtre
Eng.: Portrait of the singer Barroilhet; bas-relief, plaster.

SdAF-1881-3585, Portrait de M. Edouard Manet; buste, bronze; Appartient à M. Manet
Now: 1881, Buste of Manet, bronze, xx, Cimetière de Passy (iR5; iR35). Compare also: 1881, Edouard Manet, sc, 38x42x24, MBA Angers (aR4).

SdAF-1882-4069, Le marchand de masques; statue, plâtre.
Noms des masques : B. d’Aurevilly – Balzac -De Banville – Berlioz – Carpeaux – Corot – Delacroix – Dumas – Faure – Gambetta – Gounod – Hugo
I render  masks that are now in the Musée d’Angers (M18). Note: I could not find the masks of d’Aurevilly and Gambetta (who died in 1882). In 1883 Astruc exhibited the bronze versions that is now in the Jardin de Luxembourg, SdAF-1883-3293.

SdAF-1883-54, Galanterie mal reçue
Eng.: Badly received gallantry.
Compare: 1881, Galanterie mal reçue, albuminé photo au carton by Baschet, 19×24, A2020/09/17 (iR42).

SdAF-1883-3293, Portrait d’Isabelle Zacharie Astruc; buste, bronze; (Appartient à M. Léon Ochs)
According to Joconde now: 1877, Isabelle Astruc, bronze, 61x43x31, MBA Angers (iR23).
Probably the plaster version was exhibited in 1897.

SdAF-1883-3293, Le Marchand de masques; statue, bronze /
Noms des masques : B. D’Aurevilly, Balzac, De Banville, Berlioz, Carpeaux, Corot, Delacroix, Dumas, Faure, Gambetta, Gounod, Hugo; statue, bronze ; (le ministère de l’Instruction publique et des beaux-arts)
Now: 1883, Le marchand de masques (masks of painters and writers), sc, 200x69x78, Jardin du Luxembourg (iR3;iR23;iR35). Note: in reality de masques of De Banville, Gambetta and Gounod are not part of the statue. The masque of Victor Hugo is in the hand of the boy (aR17).
Jules Barbey D’Aurevilly (1808-89), was a writer. Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850), was a writer. Théodore de Banville (1823-91), was a writer. Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (1827-75), was a sculpture and painter. Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1796-1875 was a famous painter from the Barbizonschool and teacher of many impressionist artists. Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863), was a painter belonging to the Romantic school. Alexandre Dumas jr (1824-95), was a writer, most known of the three musketeers. Jean-Baptise Fauré (1830-1914), was a baritone and art-collector. Léon Gambetta (1838-82), was a French statesman; he was a Republican. Charles Gounod (1818-93) was a composer. Victor Hugo (1818-93), was a writer; famous for the ‘hunchback of the Notre-Dame’ and ‘Les misérables’.

SdAF-1884-51, Répétition d’acteurs du vieux drame espagnol
Eng.: Rehearsal of actors from the old Spanish drama. Compare: Astruc, 1880, La Toilette de Torero, xx, PP Paris (iR10;iR94)
.

SdAF-1884-3255, Portrait de M. P. Stevens; buste, plâtre
Eng.: Portrait of Mr. P. Stevens; bust, plaster. This is probably someone else than Alfred Stevens (1828-1906) the Belgium painter and friend of Manet and others (R88I,p915).

SdAF-1885-2510, Le vase bleu; aquarelle
Eng.: the blue vas; watercolour.
Compare: 18xx, Still life, bouquet, wc, 93×65, A20151118 (iR13;iR11).

SdAF-1885- 3306, Le roi Midas; statue, plâtre
Compare the bronze with the same title S1888-3306.

SdAF-1886- 2510, Mars et Vénus; groupe, plâtre
Eng.: March and Venus; group, plaster. 

SdAF-1887- 3595, Hamlet; scène des comédiens / (Shakespeare); Sculpture
Eng.: Hamlet; actors’ scene / (Shakespeare) Sculpture.
= EU-OdA-1889-1657, Hamlet (scène des Comédiens), statue, plâtre (M.I.P. et B.A.)
Compare: 1901, SD, Hamlet, scène des comédiens (L’homme blessé), sculpture ronde-bosse en marbre, 193×91, MBA Bordeaux (iR10;iR1;M11) .

SdAF-1888- 3737, Le roi Midas; statue, bronze
Probably the bronze version of S1885-3306.

SdAF-1888- 3738, Portrait de M. le comte Fabre de l’Aude; buste, bronze
Eng.: Portrait of Count Fabre de l’Aude; bust, bronze.

SdAF-1889-2798, Anémones en caisse; aquarelle
Eng.: Anemones in box; watercolour.
Now: 1889ca, Anemones in a box, wc, 65×100, CNAP Paris (iR6;iR1) Bought by the state.

SdAF-1889-2799, Gerbe de pavots géants; aquarelle
Eng.: Gerb (spray) of giant poppies; watercolour.

SdAF-1889-3989, Perce-neige; statue, plâtre
Eng.: Snow drill; statue, plaster. Joconde indicates it depicts a naked young woman and is now in Angers: 1888ca, Perce Neige, plaster, 167x60x44, MBA Angers (iR23;M18). Compare the marble version exhibited SdAF-1908-2810.

SdAF-1889- 3990, Portraits masques; Sculpture
Probably several of the masques exhibited in 1882 and part of the bronze ‘Le marchand de masques’ exhibited in 1883, were also exhibited in 1889 (iR23). I render two masques who were not mentioned in 1882 and 1883: 1889ca, Masque de Baudelaire, plâtre, 25cm, MdAngers (iR23) and: 1889ca, Masque de Coquelin-Cadet, plâtre, 25cm, MdAngers (iR23). Baudelaire (1821-67) was a famous writer (R88I,p33) and Ernest Coquelin was an actor (R88I,p149),

SdAF-1890- 2512, Pivoines dans un vase du Japon et violon arabe
Eng.: Peonies in a Japanese vase and Arabic violin.

SdAF-1891-1743, Pavots géants; aquarelle (Appartient à M. Fr. Simon)
Eng.: Giant poppies; watercolour.
Compare: 1884-1904ca, Flowers in a Vase, wc, 23×17, Metropolitan, (iR35; iR2;iR6).

SdAF-1891-2239, Le repos de Prométhée; statue, plâtre
Eng.: The rest of Prometheus; statue, plaster.
Compare: 18xx, Prométhée, sc, xx, MD Bernay (iR6;iR1).

SdAF-1892-2232, “Carmen”; buste, bronze
Compare: 1878, Madame Astruc en espagnole ( Carmen; sur éventail), sc, 78x60x40, MBA Angers (aR4). Compare also: S1878-4017 and S1877-3575.

SdAF-1893-1839, La mariée du bourg de Batz; Bretagne; aquarelle
Eng.: The bride of the village of Batz; Brittany; watercolour.

SdAF-1893- 2513, Le moine “l’extase dans le sommeil”; statue, marbre
Eng.: The monk “the ecstasy in sleep”; statue, marble.
Probably: 1893, The monk (ecstasy in sleep), sc, xx, Md Laval (aR25;iR10;aR21).
Compare: S1869-3225.

SdAF-1894-?, Blanche de Castille, moulage, plâtre.
Now: 1894ca, Blanche de Castille, statue casting plaster, 103×31, Musée de la Chratreuse Douai. The work was commissioned for in 1891. Depicting Blanche de Castille (1188-1252), queen of France standing on her feet, with a book in her hand. (iR23). Note: the Salon database doesn’t indicate that Astruc exhibited at the Salon in 1894 (iR1).

SdAF-1896- 2112, Clématites; aquarelle
Eng.: Clematis; watercolour.

SdAF-1897- 2657, Ma fille Isabelle; buste, plâtre
Eng.: My daughter Isabelle; bust, plaster.
Probably the plaster version of: 1877, Isabelle Astruc, bronze, 61x43x31, MBA Angers (iR23), exhibited in 1883.
There also is a confusion with of sculptures made of his wife and exhibited as S1877-3575.

SdAF-1898- 2132, Pivoines dans un bambou du Japon; aquarelle
Eng.: Peonies in a Japanese bamboo; watercolour.
Compare; 1900, Panneau décoratif, pivoines, wc, 235×20, MBA Angers (aR4)
.

SdAF-1898-2133, Dahlias dans un vase jaune; aquarelle
Eng.: Dahlias in a yellow vase; watercolour.
Compare: 1884-1904ca, White Flowers in a Vase, wc, 37×29, Metropolitan (iR2;iR6).

SdAF-1899- 2058, Le vase vénitien; aquarelle
Eng.: The Venetian vase; watercolour.
Compare: 18xx, le bouquet, wc gouache, 61×45, A2004/04/07 (iR13;iR10)
and:
18xx, Pivoines, coquelicots dans un vase vénitien, xx, A1989/03/10 (iR41; I have no picture).

SdAF-1899- 2059, Château de Romorantin; aquarelle
Eng.:

SdAF-1899- 3163, Le sâr Peladan; buste, plâtre
Eng.: Sâr Peladan; bust, plaster.
Sär Peladan (1859-1918) was a writer and art-critic and the founder of the Salon de la Rose+Croix, where Astruc also did exhibit in 1897, see below (R88I,p641).
The plaster version was in the Musée de Nîmes, donated by Mme Adrien Péladan (iR40)
To compare I render the buste now in Lyon: 1899, Sâr Péladan, buste, xx, MBA Lyon (iR10;iR94). 

SdAF-1900-1391, *Rameau de clématites dans un vase; aquarelle
Eng.: Branch of clematis in a vase; watercolour.

SdAF-1901-2121, Grand bouquet de pivoines roses et blanches dans un vase en verre de Bohême; aquarelle

SdAF-1901-2122, Chrysanthèmes dans un vase de Sèvres ; aquarelle

SdAF-1901-2959, Hamlet (scène des comédiens); statue, marbre; Appartient à l’Etat
Now: 1901, L’homme blessé (Hamlet, scène des comédiens), marble statue, 193×91, MBA Bordeaux (iR23); commissioned by the state in 1898. Description: lying on his side, wounded with agony. (iR23)

SdAF-1902-1698, Raie suspendue, port du Croisic; aquarelle
Eng.: Hanging stingray, port of Le Croisic; Nl.: Hangende pijlstaartrog, haven van Le Croisic.

SdAF-1902-1699, Poinsettias dans un bambou; aquarelle
Eng.: Poinsettias in a bamboo; Nl.: Kerststerren in een bamboe.

SdAF-1903- 1800, Pavots géants; aquarelle
Eng.: Giant poppies

SdAF-1903- 1801, Tulipes-perroquet; aquarelle
Eng.: Parrot tulips.

SdAF-1904-1881, Chrysanthèmes dans un vase en crista; aquarelle
Eng.: Chrysanthemums in a cristal vase; watercolour.

SdAF-1904-1882, Rameaux de poinsettias, dans un vase bleu.
Eng.: Poinsettia branches, in a blue vase; Nl.: Kerstster takken, in een blauwe vaas.

SdAF-1905-1978, Rézia (Obéron); aquarelle
The meaning is very unclear. Obéron is a character in a play (iR3); also called the king of the elfes (iR5).

SdAF-1908-2810, Perce Neige, marble (iR23)
Compare: SdAF-1889-3989.

Note: Zacharie Astruc died in 1907; there was also a work exhibited in 1908 (probably a posthumous exhibition); the Salon database doesn’t provide data of the Salon des Artistes Français after 1905 (iR1).

 

Zacharie Astruc at the Exposition Universelle:
Zacharia Astruc exhibited at the Exposition Universelle in 1889 + 1900.

 

1889: Exposition Universelle d’oeuvres d’art (R321/iR40):
(Note: Astruc didn’t take part in the Centennale.)

EU-OdA-1889-1426, Branche de cerisier, aquarelle
(Voir peinture et sculpture)
EU-OdA-1889-1656, Le roi Midas, statue, bronze (Salon 1887)
EU-OdA-1889-1657, Hamlet (scène des Comédiens), statue, plâtre (M.I.P. et B.A.; Salon 1887)
-> honorable mention
=SdAF-1887-3595, Hamlet; scène des comédiens / (Shakespeare) sculpture.
Compare: 1901, SD, Hamlet, scène des comédiens (L’homme blessé), sculpture ronde-bosse en marbre, 193×91, MBA Bordeaux (iR10;iR1;M11).

1900:
Atruc received a 3rd class medal (iR5;iR35).
He showed two large watercolours.
Maybe ‘Exotic floral arrangements’, both 174x69cm, one Sbr one Str, auctioned 1994/02/15 (iR17; iR15)

 

 

Zacharie Astruc at auctions:
Works of Astruc were auctioned at Hôtel Drouot.

Hôtel Drouot auction 1878/04/11+12, sale including watercolours and sculptures of Astruc.

HD1878/04/11-99, Saint François d‘Assise ; Copié à Tolède d’après l’original d’Alonzo Cano

HD1878/04/11-100, Le village de Schaerbeck en mars

HD1878/04/11-101, La grande place à Bruxelles ; Vue d’une fenêtre

HD1878/04/11-102, Grandes Poupées blanches japonaises

HD1878/04/11-103, Le tombeau de la Malibran et vieille église de Laeken ; Vus par une fenêtre

HD1878/04/11-104, Poupées japonaises (jouets d’Isabelle)

HD1878/04/11-105, Le square

HD1878/04/11-106, Le jardinier de Navahermosa
Location: Toledo, Spain.

HD1878/04/11-107, Dame peintre à son chevalet

HD1878/04/11-108, Le port d’Angers

HD1878/04/11-109, Chaumière flamande

HD1878/04/11-110, Jeune homme au piano

HD1878/04/11-111, Moine en méditation

HD1878/04/11-112, Estaminet dans la campagne flamande

HD1878/04/11-113, L’Étang d’Ixelles (Bruxelles)

HD1878/04/11-114, Dame parisienne au bois

HD1878/04/11-115, Dames dans un Intérieur

HD1878/04/11-116, Petite poseuse endormie dans un atelier

HD1878/04/11-117, Dames bruxelloises saluant des passants ; église de la chapelle, au fond

HD1878/04/11-118, Enfants dans une serre (scène flamande)

HD1878/04/11-119, Poupées japonaises musiciennes (jouets d’Isabelle)

HD1878/04/11-120, Les présents chinois ; Jeunes filles anglaises essayant des parures
Eng.: Chinese presents; English girls trying on ornaments

HD1878/04/11-121, Dame dans son intérieur

HD1878/04/11-122, Jeune femme rêvant à sa fenêtre ; villa de Saint-Germain

HD1878/04/11-123, Épreuve du saint François d’Assise

 

Hôtel Drouot auction 1887/05/11

HD1887/05/11-103, Fleurs (aquarelles) (aR24)

 

 

Zacharie Astruc at the Salon de la Rose+Croix in 1897:
In May 1897 Astruc 1x exhibited at the Salon de la Rose+Croix. He then lived at 45, avenue de Wagram. (iR40)

SRC-1897-3, Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly (buste bronze)
=? S1876-3051, Portrait de M. Barbey d’Aurevilly; buste, bronze. Compare: SdAF-1883-3293-1.

SRC-1897-4, Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly (haut-relief)
=? S1870-4251, Portrait de M. Barbey d’Aurevilly; médaillon, plâtre. Compare: SdAF-1882-4069-1, statue-plâtre.

 

 

Recommanded citation: “Zacharie Astruc, an account of his exhibited art-works. Last modified 2024/06/02.  https://www.impressionism.nl/astruc-account/.”