aquarelles ‘impressionist’ expositions

 

 

Impressionism, a historical reconstruction:

The ‘impressionist’ expositions

1874 – 1886

Exhibited aquarelles

An overview and slideshow

Which aquarelles were shown at the ‘impressionist’ expositions?
At the 8 ‘impressionist’ expositions from 1874-1886, about 224 of them were aquarelles or gouaches, about 10,9% of the total amount of 2053 exhibited art-works. See slideshows here below.
In total 18 of the 57 partakers showed aquarelles. Morisot showed 19 aquarelles at 5 of the 8 expositions. Rouart in total showed 34 aquarelles (namely in 1886); Forain 29 (namely in 1879); Camille Pissarro 28 (namely in 1881); Piette 25 (namely in 1877) and Lepic 20 (namely in 1876). See overview lower at the page.
In the catalogues of the ‘impressionist’ expositions often it is indicated that an art-work was made with aquarelle or gouache. Several works indicated as being an aquarelle in reality also were gouaches. Both media / techniques are based on water, but in an aquarelle or watercolour the colours stay (more) transparent and in a gouache the colours are much more opague / covering, which make them look more a bit like an oil painting (iR3). It is not always clear if an art-work is a watercolour or a gouache, but I will divide the works here below between works with more transparant colours and works with more opaque colours.
At the bottom of this page you will find a short account per year.
Note: If you double click on the first picture and then click on full screen, you can create a slideshow. On a smartphone or laptop you can also zoom in. Enjoy!

 

Exhibited watercolours, 1874-1886:
Aquarelles with more transparant colours. Namely Morisot repeatedly exhibited aquarelles and also Rouart.

 

Exhibited gouaches, 1874-1886:
Gouaches and aquarelles with more opaque colours. Piette and Forain showed many gouaches, and 1881 onwards Camille Pissarro also.

 

 

Overview of number of aquarelles exhibited 1874 – 1886:
Here below you will find an overview of the number of aquarelles that were exhibited at the ‘impressionist’ expositions from 1874 – 1886.

overview number of aquarelles exhibited 1874 - 1886

 

Account:
In 1874 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles: Astruc, at least 8 of which at least 2 were gouaches (no.1-3); Attendu 3x (nos.10-12); Boudin 4x (no.22); Brandon at least 2, I assume 6 (no.31); Lepic 4x (nos. 74-77); Morisot 3x (nos.110-112); Rouart 3x (No.154-156); Robert showed at least 2 aquarelles (no.160). So in total there were probably 33 aquarelles exhibited, about 14,7% of the total amount of 225 art-works.

In 1876 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles: Lepic in total 16 (nos. 124-133; note: no.124 contained 5 aquarelles; no.126+127 each two); Jean-Baptiste Millet showed at least 5 aquarelles (nos 138-141 +147); Morisot 3 (no.179-181). The technique of Léon Ottin his art-works was not indicated in the catalogue; still it is suggested that 10 works were aquarelles (no.195+196), but it is even possible that all his 22 works were aquarelles; for the counting I assume 10. So in total there were probably 34 aquarelles exhibited, about 11,4% of the total amount of 298 art-works.

In 1877 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles: Cézanne 3x (no.30-32); Morisot 3x (no.127-129); Piette 17x (nos.146-162), probably most of them were gouaches. So in total there were 23 aquarelles exhibited, about 9,2% of the total amount of 249 art-works.

In 1879 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles: Forain 18x (nos.83-100); Piette exhibited at least 3 and perhaps 12 watercolours. (R2,p260+263+271;R90II,p117). I assume 8. So in total there were 26 aquarelles exhibited, about 9,6% of the total amount of 272 art-works.

In 1880 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles: Morisot 4x (nos.123-126); Jean-François Raffaëlli 7x (no.147+152+158+161+168+171+179), note: Raffaëlli also showed 2 works made of aquarelle + pastel (no.155+157), which I render at the mixed techniques; Rouart 8x (nos.185-192); probably Forain showed 8 watercolours / gouaches instead of the 6 drawings the catalogue indicated (nos.47-52); note: no.52 probably contained at least 3 works. So in total there were probably 27 aquarelles exhibited, about 8,7% of the total amount of 309 art-works.

In 1881 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles: Forain 3x (nos.22-24); Guillaumin 1x (no.50); Pissarro showed 15! gouaches (nos.74-88); Raffaëlli 5x (no.106+112+116+119+121). So in total there were 24 aquarelles exhibited, about 12,8% of the total amount of 187 art-works.

In 1882 Pissarro exhibited 10 gouaches (nos.126-135), about 4,7% of the total amount of 212 art-works.

In 1886 the following partakers exhibited aquarelles (and gouaches): Marie Bracquemond 2x (no.5+6); maybe no.34 of Forain was a watercolour, but this was not indicated in the catalogue and I assume it wasn’t; Morisot exhibited  a serie of at least 2, but I assume 6 aquarelles (no.93). Camille Pissarro exhibited 3 gouaches (no.103-105; note I won’t count no.106 the gouache fan). Lucien Pissarro exhibited at least 13! watercolours (no.116-118); Rouart 23! (nos-143-165). So in total there were 47 aquarelles exhibited, about 15,6% of the total amount of 301 art-works.

Of the total amount of about 2053 art-works that were exhibited at the ‘impressionist’ expositions from 1874-1886, about 224 of them were aquarelles and gouaches, about 10,9% of the total. In the slideshows I also render works made with other techniques to compare, on this page I only render (pure) aquarelles and gouaches to give a more pure impression of the aquarelles the ‘impressionists’ made.

 

Sources:
My main sources are the catalogues of the 8 ‘impressionist’ expositions as rendered by Moffett (1986=R2), Berson (1996=R90I) and the Salon database (iR1). See the link for other general References (=Rx) and to the internet references (=iRx). See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.

 

Recommanded citation: “Impressionism: Overview of the exhibited aquarelles at the ‘impressionist’ expositions (1874-1886). Last modified 2024/02/12. https://www.impressionism.nl/aquarelles-impressionist-expositions/

Note: in the future I try to render more and better suggestions.