Latouche, Louis

 

 

Impressionism: partaker of the first ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874

Louis Latouche

(1829-1883)

Dealer, collector and landscapist

Louis Latouche, introduction:
Louis Latouche mostly painted landscapes and marines. Most of the titles of his paintings render the painted location and several times he rendered the time of day and weather conditions like a storm. This could indicate an impressionist style of painting. Venturi (1939) affirms his style is similar to Sisley, Monet and Pissarro (R88;iR4;R9). There are hardly paintings known of Latouche, but when we look at them his style is more pre-impressionistic. In total Latouche exhibited 21 works at the Salon (1866-82), 4 at the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874, at least 1 at a regional exhibition (in 1866) and 3 posthumously in 1884 at the first Salon des Indépendants (R285,p1015), so in total just 29. All works were oil paintings (maybe SdAF-1880-2142 was an etching). Latouche often painted in Berck and mostly lived in Paris.  The information on him is limited, many sources even render a wrong date of departure.

 

Louis Latouche at the Salon and other exhibitions:
Louis Latouche made his debut at the Salon of 1866 (iR1; iR4; R3,p673). After that he exhibited almost every year at the Salon and it’s successor of the Société des Artistes Français (except in 1867 +73 +75)*, the last time in 1882 one year before his death (iR1)**. Only in the 1870 catalogue Latouche is called a pupil of Corot (iR1/n197560).
In 1867 Bazille and others first requested for a Salon des Refusés (which was rejected) and later tried to organize their own exhibition (which didn’t succeed because of lack of finances) (see). Several sources mention that the meeting, when this was decided, took place at Latouche (R3,p673;R88;R116I,p122;iR4;iR3). It is not confirmed that he organised or joined this petition (iR35). In 1873 Latouche also was rejected at the Salon and joined the Salon des Refusés***. In 1875 he didn’t exhibit at the Salon and maybe was rejected, but he didn’t exhibit at the Salon des Refusés (iR1).
In August 1875 he joined ‘L’Union‘, an organization founded by Meyer and Pissarro to replace the ‘Société des Artistes…‘ (R5,p91;R1,p363;aR1). It’s not clear if he joined their exhibition in 1877 (R5,p100). Anyway he exhibited at the Salon again in 1876 and would do so every following year and for the last time in 1882, one year before his death (iR1).
In 1866 he had exhibited at a regional exhibition and in 1884 posthumously at the first Salon des Indépendants (R285,p1015).
See link for an account and the pictures known of Latouche.
Note*: some sources wrongly note that he exhibited from 1868-1880 (M1).
Note**: So, the remark that he was ‘regularly rejected’ (aR5) is exaggerated.
Note***: This emphasizes again the importance of the Salon des Refusés of 1873 for the start of the ‘impressionist’ expositions.

Louis Latouche at the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition:
Louis Latouche only joined the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874, where he showed 4 landscapes (catalogue numbers 67-70) (R2,p121).
Latouche was no co-founder of the Société des Artistes… 1873/12/27 (R410,p103). He was later invited to participate (R17,p311); Monneret adds by Monet (R88II,p232). At the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition he showed 4 landscapes (catalogue numbers 67-70) (R2,p121). Three art-critics reviewed his works. They called them exquisite, truthfull and sincere (R90I). He asked prices varying between 200 and 900fr (R411). He sold one Marine (no.69) for which he payed 25fr commission, so probably he had lowered his price from 290 to 250fr. According to his own letter he did duty as a guardian during the exposition (R1,p324). Two weeks later he also exhibited at the Salon of 1874. Latouche did pay his full contribution for the financial year 73/74 and already 10fr for the next year (R415,p366). He was part of the financial control committee (he name is on the balance sheet dated 1874/05/27) (R415,p365;R89,p44). He was present at the liquidation meeting 1874/12/17 (R415,p368). But, later on he never joined the ‘impressionist’ expositions again.
See link for an account and for an impression of his exhibited pictures.

 

Where did Louis Latouche paint? 
Most of the works Latouche exhibited were landscapes and marines. 8 of the 25 exhibited titles indicate an atmospherique influence. No less than 19 works have an indication of place: 12x of Berck* (Pas-de-Calais; about 150km north of le Havre; 1874 onwards), 4x of Asnières (Île de la Grande-Jatte; in 1870, 72, 73; north-west of Paris), 1x of Saint-Ouen (1868; north of Paris), 1x of Paris (1874) and 1x of Cayeux (1876; south of Berck). 7x Latouche gives an indication of time, season or weather. During his life he never exhibited a study. None of the works were a loan.
See link for an account and an overview of his pictures.

Note*: One source suggests this was early 1870 (iR4). Some sources indicate Latouche painted here with his friends Amand Gautier and also with Camille Pissarro and dr. Gachet (iR3; iR4). But, there are no paintings known of Pissarro made in Berck (R116III,p931). Interesting is to explore if he was connected with Lepic, who also often painted in Berck. Manet made at least two paintings in Berck in 1873 (R213,no152+153=RW194+188). 1875/09/19 Manet advices Stéphane Mallarmé to make a trip to Berck (R213,p175). But, connections between Latouche and Manet (and Mallarmé) are not confirmed, but still are interesting to be explored. See also pages on the École de Berck (M202; iR4).

 

Louis Latouche, dealer of art-supplies:
Louis Latouche (together with his wife Lucia Joséphine Elisa Bompart) had an art-supply shop in Paris, called ‘Couleurs fines et tableaux modernes’, where they sold colours and paint and where they framed pictures; or more commercial ’top quality paints and modern paintings’ (R181,p576;R166,p264). They sold supplies to Pissarro, Monet, Gauguin, Barbizon-painters and others. They would also exhibit their paintings and sell them to Dr. Gachet, Amand Gautier and others*. There were also gatherings in his shop and he was named ‘père Latouche’ (iR4; R17,p331).

The location of his shops are not quite clear. One source states he started in 1864 in Rue Pigalle, moved in 1865 to Rue Saint-Augustin and in 1868 to Rue Lafayette (iR35). Wildenstein indicates he already exhibited Monet’s ‘women in the garden’ in the spring of 1867 at the Rue Lafayette, 34 (R22I,p66/7+CR67;R166,p264;R116I,p122;aR5; see map). This same adres is in the Salon catalogue of 1868-1872 (iR1;R259). Other sources specify his shop being at the corner of Rue Lafayette and Rue Lafitte (R3,p673;R88;R1,p152;iR4;iR3;aR5; see map), which is a little back to the west (but the numbering can be changed).

Wildenstein indicates Latouche bought 1 work of Monet in 1867 (R22I,p66/7,CR83), and 5 in 1872 (R22I,p99+77+92,CR69+190+210). Maybe CR69 was already exhibited in 1869 as ‘a view of Sainte-Adresse’ (R1,p193+214). In 1875 at the Drouot auction Latouche bought Monet’s  ‘paysage d’hiver’ and ‘Jardin de la Princesse (R87;iR4). In 1869 he also exhibited a study of Sainte-Adresse and a view of Paris made by Monet (R22I,p77; R17,p337). Latouche bought 3 works of Pissarro: CCP186+205+244 (R116III,p945). In 1872 Louis Latouche sold a work of Sisley called ‘snow’ to the art-dealer Durand-Ruel (R166,p262).  Mme Latouche owned the work that Sisley exhibited as 2IE-1876-238. Brame and Lorenceau mention that Louis Latouche owned a work of Sisley that is dated 1891 (R396,CCPP859), which can’t be right. Anyway, we could say that Latouche and his wife were small art-collectors and small art-dealers. See also owning each others works. Gauguin frequented the shop of Latouche from 1879-84 and asked them around 1882/83 to re-paste on linnen (two) works he had bought from Cézanne for 120fr; something Mme Latouche considered madness (R181,p588;R88).

Note that in the death certificate of 1883↓, Mme Latouche is told to be without profession and Louis is only mentioned as a painter (aR4). Had they quit the shop by then? One source mentioned that Paul Contet had taken over the ‘magasin de colours Latouche’ in 1886 (R207,p23;aR5), which doesn’t correspond the earlier mentioned facts. One source states that Mme Latouche had taken over the shop in 1875 (aR5). In a letter 1888/06/23 Vincent van Gogh wrote ’they have these books at Latouche’s’ (iR450). Was Mme Latouche still active in this shop or had Paul Contet sustained the name ‘Latouche’? This last is not likely because he used his own stamp (see).

Note*: R3,p673;R88;R181,p576;R17,p331+337;R1,p151/2;R166,p264;iR4;iR35;R116I,p116.

Louis Latouche, biographical notes:
Louis Latouche was born 1829/09/29* in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre (Seine-et-Marne), which is about 56km east of Paris (iR9).
Latouche was married with Lucia Joséphine Elisa Bompart.
Latouche lived at several adresses in Paris (see account).
Louis Latouche died 1883/08/24 in the hospital of Saint-Dié-des-Vosges (aR4; iR4; iR3; see map), which is about 330km east of Paris. The French and English Wikipedia page refers to a municipal archive, which I render here below**. In December 1884 there were posthumously 3 works of him exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants; the catalogue indicated (wrongly) that he had died in 1884 in Paris (R285,p1015).

Note*: Most sources just mention that he was born in 1829 in La Ferté-sous-Jarre (R3;R88;R9;R87;iR4;iR1;R259). The French WikiPedia page claims he was born the 29th of September (iR4), the English one claims it was the 20th (iR3), both they refer to ‘Archives de la Seine-et-Marne, commune de La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, acte de naissance nº 79, année 1829 (pages 44/60)’. I am not able to verify this information. As the French page is more extended, I assume the 29th is the right date, which is also affirmed by WikiWand (iR451) and another database.
Note**: I assume this information is more reliable than most other sources who render he died in 1884 (in Paris) (R88;R9;R3;R87;R88;R2,p507;iR24;iR35;M1;iR18; ). Durand-Ruel/Pissarro suggests that 1884/08/12 Camille Pissarro tried to sell watercolours to Latouche, which is doubtfull (R116I,p187).

Sources about the unknown Louis Latouche:
Most of the sources don’t mention Louis Latouche at all (R4;R5;R6;R8;R19;R86;R94;R95). Adler makes just one remark (R89,p44). Spiess wrongly mentions that a Gaston de Latouche (1854-1913) joined the first ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874 (R16,p170;cpR166,p298/282). The sources that mention him, are limited in their information. None of the books I used, renders a picture of Latouche. On the internet, the most extended source is a French Wikipedia page (iR4). But most other internet sources leave him unmentioned (iR19;iR23;iR26). Auction sites just render a few (and the same) pictures.
My main sources are Rewald (1973=R1), Moffett (R2,p121+507), Walther (R3,p673), Schurr & Cabanne (2008=R9,p443), Belloli (1990=R17), Wildenstein (R22), Adhémar / Dayez (1974=R87,p239), Monneret (1978-81=R88I,p418), Pissarro & Durand-Ruel (2005=R116), Stevens (1992=R166), Crussard (2002=R181) and Wikipedia (iR4 ; iR3) and an article of the eclecticlight (aR1=iR35). For other general references (=R) see. My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are the following auction sites: mutualart (iR11), artnet (iR13), invaluable.com (iR17), artprice.com (iR16), arcadja (iR18), askart (iR41), Lot-art (iR44), Lotsearch (iR100), Google images (iR10). For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
Note: the photograph of ‘Latouche, peintre’ is surely not of our Louis, as the photographer Henri Martinie was born 1885 (see).

 

Additional references:

  1. Vanished French Impressionists 7 (=iR35)
  2. gallica.bnf.fr//louis_latouche (overview of hits on “Louis Latouche”; they refer to several different persons; in some books Latouche is shortly mentioned =iR40)
  3. gallica.bnf.fr//bpt6k5527454v (a small review by A. Pothey (1868/08/16) on an exhibited work of Louis Latouche at the Salon of 1868; =iR40; see account)
  4. archives.paris.fr/arkotheque (death certificate of Latouche).
  5. ronsartblog.com//latouche (blog on Latouche and his shop)
  6. musee.berck.fr//ecole de Berck (page of the Musée de Berck on the École de Berck with several pictures; =M202)

 

Recommanded citation: “Partaker of the first ‘impressionist’ exposition: Louis Latouche; dealer, collector and landscapist. Last modified 2024/07/01.  https://www.impressionism.nl/latouche-louis/.”

Note: additional info and pictures will follow.