Louis Latouche (1829-1883)
An unknown Impressionist
Latouche only joined the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition:
At the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874 Latouche showed 4 works (catalogue numbers 67-70) (R2,p121).
In total he exhibited 21 works at the Salon (iR1).
See link for an account.
What is known about the unknown Latouche?
None of the books I use renders a picture of Latouche. Almost no book on Impressionism mentions him. Except Walter in his lexicon (R3,p673) and Moffett (R2,p121) mentioning he joined the first ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874 with 4 paintings (R2,p121). The most extended source on the internet is the French Wikipedia (iR4). But most other internet sources leave him unmentioned. Auction sites just render a single picture. The extended database of the-athenaeum.org doesn’t mention him at all. Spiess wrongly mentions that a Gaston de Latouche (1854-1913) joined the first ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874 (R16,p170).
Louis Latouche, a short biography:
Louis Latouche was born 1829/09/29 in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre (R3,p673; iR4; iR1; see map), which is about 56km east of Paris.
Latouche had an art supply shop in Paris, where he also would exhibit paintings (of Pissarro, Monet, Gauguin, Barbizon-painters and others) and sell them (to Dr. Gachet, Armand Gautier and others) (iR3,p673; R17,p337; iR4; iR35;R17,p331+337). There were also gatherings in his shop and he was named ‘père Latouche’ (iR4; R17,p331). The location of his shops are not quite clear. One source states he started in 1864 in Rue Pigalle (see map), moved in 1865 to Rue Saint-Augustin (see map) and in 1868 to Rue Lafayette (iR35). Wildenstein indicates he already exhibited Monet’s ‘women in the garden’ in the spring of 1867 at the Rue Lafayette, 34 (R22II,p37; see map). This same adres is in the Salon catalogue of 1868-72 (iR1). Other sources specify his shop being at the corner of Rue Lafayette and Rue Lafitte (R3,p673; iR4; see map), which is a little back to the west. Wildenstein indicates Latouche bought 1 work of Monet in 1867 (R22I,p66,CR83) and 5 in 1872 (R22I,p99+77,CR190+210). In 1875 at the Drouot auction Latouche bought Monet’s ‘paysage d’hiver’ (iR4). In 1869 he also exhibited a study of Sainte-Adresse and a view of Paris made by Monet (R22I,p77; R17,p337).
Louis Latouche makes his debut at the Salon of 1866 (iR1; iR4; R3,p673). After that he exhibits almost every year at the Salon, the last time in 1882 one year before his death (iR1). Only in the 1870 catalogue Latouche is called a pupil of Corot (iR1/n197560). In 1867 when the Salon was part of the Universal Exhibition he didn’t exhibit and probably was rejected. Bazille and others first requested for a Salon des Refusés (which was rejected) and later tried to organize their own exhibition (which didn’t succeed because of lack of finances) (see). Walther and Wikipedia mention that the meeting when this was decided took place at Latouche (R3,p673; iR4). It is not confirmed that he organised or joined this petition (iR35). In 1873 Latouche also was rejected at the Salon and joined the Salon des Refusés. Moffett doesn’t indicate him as one of the co-founders of the ‘Société Anonyme…‘, Belloli is not clear in this (R17,p331), but anyway he joins the first ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874. This was his first and last time. (This emphasizes again the importance of the Salon des Refusés of 1873 for the start of the ‘impressionist’ expositions.) In 1874 he already was accepted again at the Salon. In 1875 he didn’t exhibit at the Salon and probably was rejected, but he didn’t exhibit at the Salon des Refuses. In August that year he joined ‘L’Union’, an organization founded by Meyer and Pissarro to replace the ‘Société Anonyme…’ (R5,p91; aR1). It’s not clear if he joined their exhibition in 1877 (R5,p100). Anyway he exhibited in the Salon again in 1876 and would do so every following year and for the last time in 1882, one year before his death (iR1).
Louis Latouche mostly painted landscapes and marines. Most of the titles of his paintings render the painted location and several times he renders the time of day and weather conditions like a storm. This indicates an impressionist style of painting (see). Venturi (1939) affirms his style is similar to Sisley, Monet and Pissarro (iR4). Latouche often painted in Berck, a place where Lepic also often painted. Latouche lived at several adresses in Paris. (see account)
Louis Latouche died 1883/08/24 in the hospital of Saint-Dié-des-Vosges (iR4; see map), which is about 330km east of Paris. As the french Wikipedia page refers to a municipal archive, I think this information is more reliable than other sources who render he died in 1884 (in Paris) (R3,p673; R2,p507; iR24; iR35).
My main sources are Moffett (R2,p121+507), Walther (R3,p673), Belloli (1990=R17), Wildenstein (R22) and Wikipedia (iR4 ) and an article of the eclecticlight (aR1=iR35). For other general references (=R) see. My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are the following auction sites: invaluable.com (iR17), artprice.com (iR16), Google images (iR10). For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
- Vanished French Impressionists 7 (=iR35)