Gustave (-Henri) Colin
Gustave Colin joined only the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874:
At the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition Gustave Colin showed 5 works.
Colin was invited by Monet, Pissarro and Degas (R9). Chesneau criticizes the lack of analogy at the first ‘impressionist’ exposition and mentions it a failure to include Gustave Colin and others (R22I,p107).
See link for his -/-pictures. See link for an account.
Gustave (-Henri) Colin at the Salon:
Colin made his debut at the Salon in 1857 with ‘Portrait de Grand-Mère’ (R3;iR1;iR3;iR69). After that he exhibited at the Salon in 1867 / 68 / 69 / 70 / 73 / 74 / 75 / 76 / 77 / 78 /79 (iR1). He exhibited until 1889 (R9). 1890 onwards he exhibits with the SNBA (R3;R9;iR69).
See link for his -/-pictures. See link for an account.
Gustave Colin as a painter:
Colin painted mainly landscapes and seascapes. Many of them in the Basque region. Colin paints in a Barbizon-style (R3). Especially Corot had a great influence on Colin (iR4;R16). He painted en-plein-air (iR5;iR35). His style sometimes was more realistic and sometimes more impressionistic, using a looser brushstroke (iR35). In his early years his pallet is more dark and becomes more and more light and at the end totally impressionistic (R16). His compositions can be classical (R9). His pallet is warm and his colours truthful (R9;iR69). His light effects are important (R9). Castagnary praises Colin for his light effects (R3). Zola also praises the marvelous intensity of his light (iR4). Count Doria called him one of the founders of the modern plein-air school and that he connected the school of 1830 and the Impressionists (R9).
Colin also painted portraits.
It is good to distinguish Gustave-Henri Colin from other artists with the same name: Alexandre Coin (1798-1873), Uranie-Alphonsine Colin-Libour (1833-?), Paul-Alfred Colin (1838-1916) and Paul-Émile colin (1867-1949). There are also contemporary artists with the last name ‘Collin’ (R9).
Biography of Gustave (-Henri) Colin:
- 1828/07/11 Gustave-Henri Colin was born in Arras (iR3)
- 1847 pupil of Constant Dutilleux in Arras (iR5;iR35;R9)
- pupil of Ary Scheffer (iR3;iR35)
- pupil of Thomas Couture (R9;iR3;iR35)
- pupil and friend of Corot, who influenced him very much (iR4;R16)
- in the Salon database his teachers are not mentioned (iR1)
- 1858: establishes a studie in Ciboure (iR3)
- 1862: moves to Saint-Jean-de-Luz; meets Whistler, with whom he also did correspond (iR3)
- Colin marries a Basque (iR3)
- 1863 sources mention that Colin did take part at the Salon-des-Refusés with ‘Pelota players / Joueurs de Pelote’ (iR69;R9;R3;iR4;iR35), but he was not in the catalogue (iR1)
- 1867-79? : lives at the Rue Fontaine (-Saint-Georges), 14 in Dutilleux (iR1)
- 1873: his (correspondence) adres for the Salon was: Rue d’Amsterdam, 77, Paris (the same as Brandon) (iR1)
- Colin teaches at the Académie Julian in Paris (iR5)
- Jean Aufort (?-1988/11/11) was one of his pupils (?at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris) (iR69)
- Hermann-Paul / Georges Hermann Rene Paul (1874?-1940/06/23) was one of his pupils (? at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris or the Académie Julian in Paris) (iR69;iR70)
- Katherine S. Dreier (1877-1952) was one of his pupils (iR69)
- Colin inspired Albert de Meuron, who debuted at the Salon in 1848, to paint in the Pyrenées and to use a warmer pallet (iR69).
- Colin often visited his patron Count Armand Doria at the Château d’Orrouy in Picardy (iR35;iR3). In 1999 there was an auction of his collection of Colin and Cals, see below (iR24).
- Rouart also did collect his works (R3)
- Colin did regularly auction his works at the Hôtel Drouot (iR5)
- 1880: receives a medal of Honneur at the Salon (iR4)
- after 1880: paints with Zacharie Baton (1851-1925) in Aras (iR69)
- 1889: Colin took part in the decoration of the Salon des Arts in the Hôtel de Ville in Paris with ‘La Seine au Bas-Meudon’ (R9). He did so together with François Flameng, Léon Bonnat, P.A.J. Dagnan-Bouveret, Léon Glaize, Charles Lapostolet, Joseph Layraud and Tony Robert-Fleury. François Flameng did his decoration in 1903 (iR70)
- 1889: receives a silver medal (or: médaille d’argent) at the Salon (iR5;iR4)
- 1890 onwards: exhibits regularly at the Société National / SNBA of which he also was a member (R3;iR69)
- 1900: receives a gold medal at the Salon (iR4)
- 1900: works of Gustave-Henri Colin are exhibited at the World’s fair: no.111. La recolte de mais a Urugana (Basses-Pyrenées) (à M. Demonts); 112. Paysage des Pyrenées (à M. Henri Rouart) (iR107).
- 1906: special exhibition at the SNBA in room 8 of works of Colin (iR1)
- 1907: appointed Chevalier in the Legion d’Honneur (iR5)
- 1910/12/28 Gustave-Henri Colin died in Paris (iR3)
Another source mentions he died the 29th (iR4)
Other sources mention he maybe died in 1911 or 1919 (R3;iR69;iR24)
Sources on Gustave(-Henri) Colin:
Gustave Colin is hardly mentioned in books on Impressionism. My main sources are Moffett (1986;R2,p120), Walther (2013;R3,p655), Schurr & Cabanne (2008,R9,p189+190), Spiess (R16,p105), Wikipedia (iR3;iR5), the Salon database (iR1), Eclecticlight (iR35=aR1), RKD (iR24), Benezit (iR69), Grove Art (iR70) and xx. For other general references (=R) see. My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are Wikimedia (iR6) and xx. For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
For further reading see:
Bénézit (1976,vol.III,p106=R75;1999=R76), Busse (1977,p249=R77), Witt Library (1978,p63=R78), Allgemeines Künstler Lexicon (1998,vol.20,p254=R79) (iR24;iR4)
Gustave Colin 1828-1910; exhibition catalogue. Musée d’Arras, 1967 (iR24).
Dessins et tableaux d’Adolphe-Félix Cals, tableaux de Gustave Colin, provenant de l’ancienne collection Doria. Auction catalogue, auction house Piasa, Paris, 1999. (iR24)
- Vanished French Impressionists 5 (on eclecticlight=iR35)
- List of 443 works of Colin at Artprice (iR16)
- List (and images) of 17 works of Colin at Joconde (=iR23)
- proantic.com (pictures of a work and a biography of Colin)
- archive.org (=iR19; catalogue of Drouot auction 1882/03/29 of 35 works of Colin) PDF-version ;
- www.galerie-leserbon.fr (picture of Colin and biography)
- www.galerie-lererbon.fr (=iR117; drawing of Colin exhibited at the salon in 1908 + info)