Debras, Louis

under construction

Louis Debras (1819/20-1899)

 

Debras (Louis) joined only the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874:

At the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition Debras showed 4 works (R2,p120;iR1). One of the works he exhibited was ‘San-Juan de la Rapita’, a work with the same title he also exhibited at the Salon in 1873. In 1874 it was a drawing, in 1873 an oil painting.
See link for his -/-pictures. See link for an account.

 

Louis Debras exhibited almost yearly at the Salon:

Debras exhibited at the Salon from 1843-1896 (R9;iR4). Louis Debras exhibited at the Salon in: 1863 / 64/ 65 / 66/ 69 / 70 / 72 / 73 / 74 / 76 / 77 / 78 / 79 / xx . He didn’t exhibit in 1867 / 68 / 75 / xx.  Didn’t he admit or was he refused? Walther mentions that Debras exhibited at the Salon from 1853-66, which isn’t accurate (R3). Bénézit wrongly mentions he stopped exhibiting in 1866 (and affirms he started in 1843) (iR69). Also the Dutch Wikipedia site isn’t correct (1853-66).
See link for his -/-pictures. See link for an account.

 

Louis Debras as an artist:

Louis Debras was a pupil of Auguste / Jules Dehaussy in Péronne (R9;iR1;iR4). His genre scenes and street scenes are treated in a realist style (iR69). His style, especially his road scenes are very realistic (iR4). His aesthetics are quite opposite to those of Renoir and Monet (R9).

 

Was Louis Debras an impressionist?

 

 

A biography of Louis Debras:

  • 1820/10/02 Louis Debras was born in Péronne (Somme district), about 150km north of Paris (R9;iR24;iR69;iR1). The French Wikipedia site mentions Louis Jules Achille Debras was born 1819/10/03, referring to an archive of La Somme (iR4). Walther mentions (wrongly?) he was born in 1834.
  • 1850-56: Debras stayed a long time / 6 years / several times in Spain and exhibited in San Fernando (1850 / 51 / 56) and at the Salon of Madrid (1850-56) (iR4;R9;iR69;R3)
  • 1863?-66? : Louis Debras lived at the Rue Saint-Quentin, 22 in Paris.
  • 1869?-72 : Debras lived at Rue Dupetit-Thouars, cité Boufflers, 12 in Paris. The location is not quite clear. Avenue de Boufflers is not in the neighbourhood of the Rue Dupetit-Thouars. Boufflers also is a small town about 200km north-east of Paris.
  • 1873-79? : Debras lived at the Rue de Cabrol, 18 in Paris (iR1;R2,p120)
  • 1899/02/01: Louis Debras died (iR4;iR24;R9;iR69;R2,p506). Walther (wrongly?) states that he died in 1917 (R3).
  • 2011: in Musée Alfred-Danicourt in Péronne, there has been an exhibition dedicated to forgotten painters and sculptures, including Louis Debras (iR5). Unfortunately I can’t find a webpage about it.

 

 

Sources:

Most sources on Impressionism don’t mention Louis Debras at all or only very brief. There is no English Wikipedia site about Louis Debras. My main sources are Moffett (1986;R2,p120), Walther (2013;R3,p657), Schurr&Cabanne (2008;R9,p219), the Salon database (iR1), Wikipedia (iR4;iR5), RKD (iR24), Eclecticlight (iR35)  and Bénézit (iR69). For other general references (=R) see. My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are Wikimedia (iR6) and xx. For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
For further reading see:
Bénézit (1976,volIII,p408=R75), Busse (1977,p300=R77) (iR24).

Additional references:
  1. Vanished French Impressionists 5 (an article on eclecticlight=iR35)
  2. www.expertissim.com (Le chemin, l’été, a pastel of Debras auctioned in 2012)
  3. www.expertissim.com (Ciel d’orage, a pastel of Debras auctioned in 2014)
  4. www.cerca-trova.fr (drawing: chemin dans la campagne)
  5. x