Debras, Louis

under construction

Louis Debras (1819/20-1899)



Debras (Louis) joined only the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1874:
At the 1st ‘impressionist’ exposition Debras showed 4 works (R2,p120;iR1). One of the works he exhibited was ‘San-Juan de la Rapita’, a work with the same title he also exhibited at the Salon in 1873. In 1874 it was a drawing, in 1873 an oil painting.
See link for his -/-pictures. See link for an account.


Louis Debras exhibited almost yearly at the Salon:
Debras exhibited at the Salon from 1843-1896 (R9;iR4). Louis Debras exhibited at the Salon in: 1843 and 49. From 1859-98 he exhibited almost yearly. He only didn’t exhibit in 1867 / 68 / 75 / 86 / 96 / 97 (iR1).  Didn’t he admit or was he refused? Walther mentions that Debras exhibited at the Salon from 1853-66, which isn’t accurate (R3). Bénézit wrongly mentions he stopped exhibiting in 1866 (and affirms he started in 1843) (iR69). Also the Dutch Wikipedia site isn’t correct (1853-66).
See link for his -/-pictures. See link for an account.


Louis Debras as an artist:
Louis Debras was a pupil of Auguste (and Jules) Dehaussy in Péronne (R9;iR1;iR4;R259). His genre scenes and street scenes are treated in a realist style (iR69). His style, especially his road scenes are very realistic (iR4). His aesthetics are quite opposite to those of Renoir and Monet (R9).


Was Louis Debras an impressionist?



A biography of Louis Debras:

  • 1820/10/02 Louis Debras was born in Péronne (Somme district), about 150km north of Paris (R9;iR24;iR69;iR1;R259). The French Wikipedia site mentions Louis Jules Achille Debras was born 1819/10/03, referring to an archive of La Somme (iR4). Walther mentions (wrongly?) he was born in 1834.
  • 1850-56: Debras stayed a long time / 6 years / several times in Spain and exhibited in San Fernando (1850 / 51 / 56) and at the Salon of Madrid (1850-56) (iR4;R9;iR69;R3)
  • 1863?-66? : Louis Debras lived at the Rue Saint-Quentin, 22 in Paris.
  • 1869?-72 : Debras lived at Rue Dupetit-Thouars, cité Boufflers, 12 in Paris (iR1;R259). The location is not quite clear. Avenue de Boufflers is not in the neighbourhood of the Rue Dupetit-Thouars. Boufflers also is a small town about 200km north-east of Paris.
  • 1873-79? : Debras lived at the Rue de Cabrol, 18 in Paris (iR1;R2,p120)
  • 1883/02/26: 3 copies made by Debras were auctioned at Hôtel Drouot from the posthumes belongings of Léopold Levert (iR40).
  • 1899/02/01: Louis Debras died (iR4;iR24;R9;iR69;R2,p506). Walther (wrongly?) states that he died in 1917 (R3).
  • 2011: in Musée Alfred-Danicourt in Péronne, there has been an exhibition dedicated to forgotten painters and sculptures, including Louis Debras (iR5). Unfortunately I can’t find a webpage about it.



Most sources on Impressionism don’t mention Louis Debras at all or only very brief. There is no English Wikipedia site about Louis Debras. My main sources are Moffett (1986;R2,p120), Walther (2013;R3,p657), Schurr&Cabanne (2008;R9,p219), the Salon database (iR1), Wikipedia (iR4;iR5), RKD (iR24), Eclecticlight (iR35)  and Bénézit (iR69). My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are Wikimedia (iR6) and xx. See link for other general references (=R) and for other references to internet sites (=iR). For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
For further reading see:
Bénézit (1976,volIII,p408=R75), Busse (1977,p300=R77) (iR24).

Additional references:
  1. Vanished French Impressionists 5 (an article on eclecticlight=iR35)
  2. (Le chemin, l’été, a pastel of Debras auctioned in 2012)
  3. (Ciel d’orage, a pastel of Debras auctioned in 2014)
  4. (drawing: chemin dans la campagne)
  5. x


Citation: Please do not quote from this webpage, which is under construction. The information is incomplete and maybe partly incorrect.