Jean-Marius Raffaëlli (1861-82)
Jean-Marius Raffaëlli only joined the ‘impressionist’ exposition of 1880:
- At the 5th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1880 Jean-Marius Raffaëlli showed 6 etchings. In the catalogue under number 1880-180 described as ‘Six eaux fortes’ (R2,p314).
- In the catalogue is mentioned that he lived at 4, Rue de Ravignan, Paris, which lies between the Moulin Rouge and the Sacré Coeur in Montmartre (see maps).
- Moffett refers to the appendix of the work of Delteil (R2,p486; aR1).
- Walther only mentions that Jean-Marius Raffaëlli probably was a graphic artist and joined the 1880 exposition (R3,p690).
- Spiess omits to distinguish between the more known Jean-François Raffaëlli and Jean-Marius Raffaëlli (R16,p373).
- All the other sources don’t mention him at all.
- On the internet ULAN (aR2) mentions Jean-Marius Raffaëlli was a French printmaker and also known as Marius-Joseph. He was born in 1861 and died in 1882, which would mean that he exhibited with the ‘impressionist’ at the age of about 19 and that he died at the age of about 21.
- The ULAN uses the ‘Bibliography of the History of Art’ of 1973 as source (aR2).
- The ULAN also mentions that Jean-Marius Raffaëlli is mentioned in the book of Joel Isaacson ‘Crises of Impressionism’ of 1980 (aR2).
- On the internet WikiData (aR3) VIAF.org (aR4) and upclosed.com (aR5) take over these data.
- Other internet sites mention he did partake at the 5th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1880 (iR59; iR62). This is also mentioned in an e-book written by Dominque Lobstein (see).
- None of the sources tell how Jean-Marius is related to the more famous Jean-François Raffaëlli, who was born in 1850 and died in 1924. Maybe Jean-Marius, who was born in 1861, was his younger brother. I hope sources on Jean-François Raffaëlli can put light on this. Anyway it is salient that they both started to join the ‘impressionist’ expositions in 1880, which suggests a form of connection.
- Nore in books, nor on the internet can I find one picture of a work made by Jean-Marius Raffaëlli. Searching for his works on the internet you mostly get works of Jean-François Raffaëlli, who signes his works with J-F Raffaëlli’, which distinguishes him clearly from Jean-Marius. But not all of the works attributed to Jean-François are signed. So it’s especially interesting to research the unsigned etchings attributed to Jean-François Raffaëlli, if it is possible that they could be made by Jean-Marius. But since Jean-Marius died very young he probably didn’t produce a lot of art-work. It doesn’t help that the six etchings he showed with the 5th ‘impressionist’ exposition had no specific title. It is interesting anyway to research if one of the contemporary art-critics mentions a work of Jean-Marius.
- Anyway the Delteil appendix (aR1) is a good start for further research.
- As far as I know, Jean-Marius Raffaëlli never did participate at the Salon (iR1).
My main sources are Moffett (1986, R2) and Walther (2013, R3). For other general references (=R) see. My main sources from the internet is the ULAN (iR60=aR2). For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
- Delteil, Loys: Le peintre-graveur illustré (XIXe siècle). Vol.16. Paris: privately printed, 1923.
- Getty.edu (Thesaurus of artists and people by the Getty Research Institute or: Getty Union List of Artist Names = ULAN; ©2004 J.Paul Getty Trust = iR60)