Art-dealers

Meta-Impressionism

Art-dealers

 

Introduction:
Who were the most important art-dealers for the impressionists? Here you will find some basic information. The sources I used you’ll find in the references. My base sources are the lexicon of Walther (R3,p642-705) and the data of Denvier (R5). The art-dealers are mentioned in an alphabetical order.

Bernheim-Jeune:

  • A family of art-dealers: father Alexandre (1833-1915), sons Joseph (1870-1941) and Gaston (1870-1953) (R3,p647)
  • 1863 opening gallery in Rue Laffitte, Paris (R3)
  • One of the most important dealers in impressionist art (R3)
  • Befriended with Monet and Renoir (R3)
  • 1886/05: solo exhibition of Giuseppe de Nittis (R2,p427)
  • 1889/02/09 exhibition of 14 works of Sisley (R5,p222)
  • 1889/03/04 solo exhibition of 23 works of Pissarro (R5,p222)
  • After 1900 also dealing in art of Van Gogh, Cézanne and other post-impressionists (R3)
  • 1900, January-February: Renoir exhibition with 68 works (R31,p316)
  • 1903, April: Exposition d’Oeuvres de l’Ecole Impressionniste; with Renoir (9x) (R31,p316)
  • 1913, March: Renoir exhibition with 52 works (R31,p318)

 

Bing, Siegfried: (1838-1905):

  • Also called Samuel (R3,p648)
  • Born in Hamburg (R3)
  • 1871 opens gallery in Paris
  • Specialized in eastern art
  • Offered Impressionists (and later post-impressionists and symbolists) to exhibit  works in his gallery
  • 1889/05/03: exhibition in London, also with many works of Morisot (R5,p223)

 

Boussod, Valadon et Cie:

  • also called: Goupil-Boussod-Valadon
  • Etienne Boussod and Pierre Valadon had a gallery at the Place de l’Opéra and at the Boulevard Montmartre (R3,p650)
  • first dealt in Salon paintings
  • 1879: Theo van Gogh took over the Boulevard Montmartre gallery and started to sell impressionist works Cézanne (1x), Degas (23x), Gauguin (18x), Monet (24x), Pissarro (23x), Renoir (4x) and Sisley (7x) and Manet (5x) (R3,p650)
  • 1888, June-July: dix marines d’Antibes de M. Cl. Monet (R22IV,p1017)
  • 1889/02: solo exhibition Monet with 19? works (R22IV,p1017)
  • 1892, May: solo exhibition of Morisot (R42,p92)

 

Durand-Ruel, Paul (1831-1922):
Paul Durand-Ruel was the most important art-dealer for the Impressionists. See separate page. See also the exhibitions held by Durand-Ruel.

 

Legrand

  • Gallery at 22bis, Rue Lafitte, Paris
    1877: manager of the third impressionist exposition
    1877/ 05/28: expert auction Hôtel Drouot (R2,p262)
  • 1878/03/25: meeting at his gallery preparing a new impressionist exposition and discussing preconditions; Caillebotte, Cassatt, Degas, Desboutin, Guillaumin, Levert, Monet, Pissarro, Sisley, Tillot were invited; Morisot and Cézanne also, but were absent; Renoir having submitted to the Salon, was not invited (R2,p244-5)
  • 1875, Renoir painted his daughter Delphine in their home in Rue Rocroy (CR141) and later again in 1876 (R30,no184+230)

Martin (+/-1810 – +/- 1880):

  • 1876: loans: works of Sisley (no.237, 239, 240, 243)

 

Petit, Georges (1835-1900):

  • gallery at Rue de Sèze, Paris (R3,p686)
  • his father already showed paintings of Delacroix, Corot and the Barbizon school (R3)
  • 1880 start selling works of the impressionists (R3)
  • 1882 organize (with De Nittis)  yearly exposition International de peinture et de sculpture (R3; R5,p129)
  • 1885/05/04 Monet exhibits 10 works (R5,p143)
  • 1886/06/05 Monet and Renoir exhibit at his 5th exposition… (R5,p149)
  • 1889: exhibition Monet (141x?) – Rodin (R22IV,p1017)
  • 1889/04/30 posthumes exhibition of works of Sisley organised by Monet (R5,p223)
  • 1889//07/01 posthumes auction of the collection of Victor Chocquet (R5,p223/4)
  • 1898/06/03: Monet has a successful exhibition (R5,p216)
  • 1900/07/04: Georges Petit dies (R5,p228)

 

Tanguy, Julien-Francois (1825-1894):

  • Better known as ‘Père Tanguy’
  • before 1870 he was a travelling paint salesman, often active in the Fontainebleau region (R1,p301)
  • 1870 moves to Paris (R3,p700)
  • anarchist and communist; a volunteer with the troops of the Commune; deported to Brest (R3;R1,p301)
    the intervention of Henri Rouart saved him from a death sentence (R1,p301)
  • 1873 returns to Paris; starts a merchandise in paint and later in paintings (R3)
    • Rue Clauzel, Paris (R3; R5,p192;r1,p301)
    • also organizes exhibitions here (R3)
  • trades painting materials for paintings (R3; R5,p192)
  • supports Cézanne (R3; R5,p192); provides him with paints and canvases in exchange for some paintings (R1,p301)
  • 1883 meets Signac (R39,p299)
  • 1886 friendship with Van Gogh, who portrays him (R3)
  • his shop becomes a meeting place for Cézanne, Gauguin, Guillaumin, Pissarro, Seurat and Van Gogh
  • 1894 auction of his collection at Hôtel Drouot (R3)

 

Vollard, Ambroise (1867-1939):

  • Important art-dealer; successor of Theo van Gogh (R3,p702)
  • 1893 opens first gallery at 41, Rue Lafitte, Paris (R3)
  • sells work of Degas, Pissarro, Renoir (R3)
  • 1894 meets Renoir (R31)
  • 1895 organizes here also exhibitions (R3)
    1895 first solo exhibition Cézanne (R3, p653)
  • 1899 moves to 6, Rue Laffitte, Paris (R3)
  • first exhibition of Van Gogh (R3)
  • 1901 solo exhibition of Pissarro (R3)
  • 1904 solo exhibition of Matisse (R3)
  • publishes monograph of Cézanne, Degas and Renoir (R3)
  • x