An unknow ‘impressionist’ paintress:
Jacques François is a pseudonyme of an unknown paintress (R3,p662; R16,p137;R1,p391). She joined the 2nd ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1876 as ‘François (Jacques)’ with 8 works (catalogue numbers 73-80; R2,p262). The 3rd ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1877 she joined as ‘Jacques-François’ with 2 works (catalogue numbers 74 + 75; R2,p204). Moffett doesn’t give any additional information apart from her works in the catalogue. Walther (R3) and Spiess (R16) don’t give any additional information either. They make not clear what their sources are. Did some art-critics write something about here? Was she named in one of the lettres of the other Impressionists? Who did invite her to join the expositions? All the other sources I use don’t mention her at all.
Search on the internet has not much use. ‘Jacques’ and ‘François’ are very common french first names, so you will get an enormous list of hits. This also is the case with the Salon database (iR1). Even if you add ‘painter’ you won’t get a match. The french Wikipedia (iR4) site renders a page on ‘Jacques François’, but this is another person. Nowhere I could find one picture of this unknown paintress.
When we look at the titles of the catalogue (see below) ‘Jacques François’ exhibited mainly still lives (1876-73, 74, 75?, 77, 78, 79,80). Besides that she also exhibited two portraits (1876-76 and 1877-74). ‘À Vêpres’ (1877-75) is probably or a city view or an interieur of a church. It is obvious she didn’t exhibited landscapes, what was most common at the ‘impressionist’ expositions. Attendu was one of the few who also exhibited many still lives.
Other information we can extract from the catalogue is that she probably visited the Alhambra in southern Spain (1876-75), which would suggest she was prosperous and that she visited maybe an unknown hamlet called Vêpres in the neighbourhood of Lyon or did paint a vespers, which maybe maint she was a religious person (1877-75).
I hope in the future there will be more known about our unknown ‘Jacques François’.
1876 catalogue ‘François (Jacques)’ :
(alphabetically listed as ‘F’)
Eng.: Raisins. Probably a still life.
Eng.: plums. Probably a still life.
1876-75 Estamo de tabacco à l’Alhambra
The meaning of this title is unclear. The Spanish verb ‘estamos’ means ‘we are’. ‘Tabacco’ is an English word, which is written in Spanish as ‘tabaco’ and in French as ‘tabac’. The Alhambra is the famous Moresque castle in Granada in the South of Spain (see info; see pictures). I assume ‘Estamo de tabacco’ is the title of an object to be found in the Alhambra. So probably this painting is a still life. In any case it is likely that our paintress visited the Alhambra, which would suggest she was prosperous.
1876-76 Portrait de Mme M…
Eng.: Portrait of madam M…
1876-77 Le dessert
Eng.: The dessert. Probably a still life.
1876-78 Roses jaunes et raisin
Eng.: yellow roses and grape. Probably a still life.
1876-79 Raisin et grenades
Eng.: grape and pomegranates. Probably a still life.
1876-80 Raisin et grenade
Eng.: grape and pomegranate. Probably a still life.
1877 catalogue ‘Jacques-François’ :
(alphabetically listed as ‘J’)
1877-74 Portrait de madame B…
Eng.: portrait of madam B…
1877-75 À Vêpres
Eng.: at Vêpres. This would indicate a location. On Google maps I could not find a location with this name. There are two ‘chemin de Vêpres’ and one ‘rue de Vêpres’ in the neighbourhood of Lyon. But ‘veprês’ also means vespers or evensong, which would indicate a painting of a church celebrating or a choir singing the vespers. This could indicate that she was a religious person.
‘Jacques François’, sources:
My main sources are Rewald (1973 =R1), Moffett (1986 = R2), Walther (2013 = R3,p662) and Spiess (1992 = R16,p137). For other general references (=R) see. For other references to internet sites (=iR) see.