Awards overview

 

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Meta-Impressionism

A chronological overview

of

highly awarded artists

1855 – 1889

 

Introduction:
At another page you will find general info on the awards that were given to artists on the Salon, the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français and at the Expositions Universelle. Many artists were given a 3rd class medal and even a 2nd class medal. Many artists also were appointed as Chevalier in the Légion d’Honneur. There were just few who received 1st class medals, or a ‘medaille d’Honneur‘, or were appointed as Officier or Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur. These painters I call highly awarded painters. You could say that these painters were the standard of Fine Arts. At another page you will find short info on the highly awarded painters and at another the pictures of the awarded paintings. On this page you will find a chronological overview of the high awards given. I will limit to painters, because most partakers of the ‘impressionist’ expositions were painters. I will focus on the period 1855 till 1889, because these were the years that most of these partakers fought to be recognised, starting with the Exposition Universelle of 1855 and ending with the one in 1889.

 

1855:
Note: in 1855 there was at the Exposition Universelle also an art exhibition that coincided with the Salon of 1855.
The following artists were awarded with a 1st class medal:
Bida:
Rosa Bonheur:
Cabanel (Néo-Classicist):
Corot (Barbizon painter):
Français (Barbizon painter):
Huet (Barbizon painter):
Jalabert:
Lehmann:
Muller;
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury:
Rousseau (Barbizon painter):
Troyon (Barbizon painter):
The following highly awarded painters were appointed in the Légion d’Honneur as Officier: Cabat (Barbizon painter):

 

1856:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1857:
Yvon received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
Baudry;
Bouguereau (Néo-Classicist):
Cibot:
Daubigny (Barbizon painter)
S1857-,
Pils (Néo-Classicist):
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1858:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1859:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Breton (a Naturalist); Daubigny (Barbizon painter); Fromentin; :
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Muller;

 

1860:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:
The following painters were appointed as member of L’Institut: Signol; .

 

1861:
Pils (Néo-Classicist) received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Baudry; Belly; François-Auguste Bonheur; Breton (a Naturalist); Hillemacher; Laugée; Timbal:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1862:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1863:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Benouville; François-Auguste Bonheur; Brion; Cibot: Hillemacher; Laugée;
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Remond;

 

1864:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Cabanel (Néo-Classicist) .
The following painters were appointed as member of L’Institut: Lehmann; Muller; :

 

1865:
Cabanel (Néo-Classicist) received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Amaury-Duval; Durand-Brager; Giraud; Signol;.

 

1866:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1867:
Note: this year there also was an art-exhibition at the Exposition Universelle apart from the yearly Salon.
The following painters were appointed as Member of L’Institut: Cabat (Barbizon painter); Hesse
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury was appointed as Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur.
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Jules Breton (Naturalist);  Corot (Barbizon painter); Dieterle; Gérôme (Néo-Classicist); Jalabert; Le Roux; Mayer; Pils (Néo-Classicist); Yvon;
Cabanel (Néo-Classicist) received a Médaille d’Honneur:
Gérôme (Néo-Classicist) received a Médaille d’Honneur at the Exposition Universelle and was appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur (R231):
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Exposition Universelle (R231):
Bida:
Jules Breton (Naturalist) also was appointed as Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:
EU-1867-83,
Daubigny (Barbizon painter):
EU-1867-
EU-1867-
Français (Barbizon painter):
Fromentin:
Jean-François Millet (Barbizon painter):
EU-1867-475,
Pils (Néo-Classicist):
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury:
Rousseau (Barbizon painter):
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:

 

1868:
Brion received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Hesse; .
The following painters were appointed as Member of L’Institut: Delaborde; Pils (Néo-Classicist):

 

1869:
Bonnat received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Arago; Ballu; Baudry; Dubuffe;

 

1870:
Tony Robert-Fleury received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Bida; Delaunay (since 1879 member L’Institut); Dupré (Barbizon painter); Fromentin; Gosse; Philippe Rousseau.

 

1871:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1872:
Jules Breton (a Naturalist) received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Berne-Bellecour: Blanc; Laurens;
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1873:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Guesnet;
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1874:
Gérôme (Néo-Classicist) received a Médaille d’Honneur:
S1874-796, Une collaboration (appartient à M. A.-F. Stewart).
S1874-797, Rex Tibicien (appartient à M. H. Oppenheim).
S1874-798, L’Éminence grise (appartient à M. Stebbins) (historical scene)
Blanchard received a 1st class medal:
S1874-192, Hylas entraîné par les nymphes (mythological theme)
S1874-193, Hérodiade (biblical theme).
S1874-194, Portrait du jeune. (portrait)
Lehoux received a 1st class medal:
S1874-1155, St. Laurent, martyr (religious theme)
The following painters were highly awarded painters Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Bonnat; Daubigny (Barbizon painter); .

 

1875:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:
The following artists received at the Salon a Grand Prix: Cormon.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Courtat:

 

1876:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
Lematte received a 1st class medal.
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Bouguereau (Néo-Classicist).
The following painters were appointed as Member of L’Institut: Bouguereau (Néo-Classicist).

 

1877:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Chaplin.

 

1878:
Note: this year there also was an art-exhibition at the Exposition Universelle apart from the yearly Salon.
Gérôme (Néo-Classicist) was appointed Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur.
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Carolus-Duran;
At the Exposition Universelle the following artists received a (Grand) Médaille d’Honneur:
Cabanel (Néo-Classicist):
the following artists received a Médaille d’Honneur:
Bouguereau (Néo-Classicist).
Français (Barbizon painter):
Gérôme (Néo-Classicist)
At the Exposition Universelle the following artists received a 1st class medal: Bida; Émile Breton; Busson; Delaunay (since 1879 member L’Institut);
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:

 

1879:
Delaunay was appointed member L’Institut;
Carolus-Duran received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon: Morot:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1880:
Morot received a Medaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
Charles Cazin (Para-Impressionist); Dagnan-Bouveret:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1881:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Armand-Dumaresq;
The following painters were appointed as Member of L’Institut: Bonnat.

 

1882:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
Bonnat was appointed as Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur.
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1883:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Harpignies (Barbizon painter) .

 

1884:
Cabanel (Néo-Classicist) was appointed Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Benjamin-Constant;

 

1885:
Bouguereau (Néo-Classicist) was appointed Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur.
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:
Bouguereau (Néo-Classicist) received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:

 

1886:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:
The following painters were appointed as Member of L’Institut: Jules Breton (Naturalist).

 

1887:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Busson; Chenavard;

 

1888:
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur:

 

1889:
Note: In this year at the Exposition Universelle there were two exhibitions relevant for this overview: 1: the regular international exhibition of ‘oeuvres d’art‘ and 2: the ‘Exposition Centennale de l’Art Français 1789-1889′. Apart from this their also was a Salon de la Société des Artistes Française held.
Jules Breton (Naturalist), Carolus-Duran (Para-Impressionist) were appointed as Commandeur in the Légion d’Honneur.
The following highly awarded painters were appointed Officier in the Légion d’Honneur: Félix Bracquemond; Charles Cazin; Cormon;
Dagnan-Bouveret received a Médaille d’Honneur.
The following artists received a Grand Prix at the Exposition Universelle of 1889: Bernier: Collin: Cormon: Dagnan-Bouveret: Delaunay (member L’Institut); Morot:
The following artists received a golden medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1889: Adan: Aublet: Barau: Barrillot: Barrias: Baudouin: Benjamin-Constant; Béraud: Bida: Binet: Blanc: Boudin: Émile Breton: Brown: Marie Cazin: Courtois: Damoye: Dantan: Dawant: Doucet (EU?): Ferrier: Lépine; Raffaëlli; Toudouze: .
The following artists received a 1st class medal at the Salon:

 

 

 

 

 

General sources:
My main sources are the Exposition Universelles catalogues (R231), the Salon database (iR1), WikiPedia (iR3; iR4; iR5), WikiMedia (iR6) Joconde (iR23). See the link for other general References (=Rx) and to the internet references (=iRx). See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.

For further reading:

 

Additional sources (=aRx):

  1. x

 

Recommanded citation: “Meta-Impressionism: a chronological overview of highly awarded artists (1855-1889). Last modified 2023/11/20. https://www.impressionism.nl/awards-overview/

Note: additional info will follow.