Realism / Naturalism:
- A very broad art-movement emphasizing the rendering of the visible reality (R3,p24). The English landscapists and the Barbizon-painters are called Realists. Courbet presented himself insistently as Realist, calling his Pavillon in 1855 and 1867 ‘Pavillon du Réalisme’, see.
- 1863: Castagnary first uses the term ‘Naturalism’; Zola will pick it up in 1865 (R3,p68)
- The Realist painters also used people from lower social classes as model (R3,p70)
- Later exponents of Realism are Jules Bastien-Lepage (1848-1884), Jules Breton (1827-1906) (R3,p214)