(1847 – 1909)
Was Vignon an Impressionist?
In several works Vignon used many browns and/or greys. In several works his brushstroke was quite flat. So in several works his style is not impressionistic. Still in many other works Vignon used bright colours, lively, even juxtaposed brushstrokes, using blues and violets for the shades and also slightly unnatural colours.
Victor-Paul Vignon exhibited at the Salon:
Vignon only exhibited at the Salon of 1878 (iR1;R9).
(Paul-)Victor Vignon joined the ‘impressionist’ expositions in 1880, 1881, 1882 and 1886:
At the 5th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1880 Vignon showed 9 works (catalogue numbers 216-224; R2,p314).
At the 6th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1881 Vignon showed 15 works (catalogue numbers 151-165; R2,p356).
At the 7th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1882 Vignon showed 15 works (catalogue numbers 189-203; R2,p394).
Monet had resistance against the joining of Vignon (R22I,p175;R1,p468;R3). Eugène Manet wrote to his wife Berthe Morisot that the works of Vignon were ‘very mediocre’ (R1,p472;R5,p133). Probably most of the works belonged to Durand-Ruel (R1,p471).
At the 8th ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1886 Vignon showed 18 works (catalogue numbers 218-234ter; R2,p447), no.234 counting 2 extensions, no. 233 was left out. Félix Fénénon reviews that his works are ‘invariable and dull’ (R9).
See link for his exhibited pictures in -/- 1880, in -/- 1881, in -/- 1882 and in -/- 1886. See link for an +/-account.
Vignon at other exhibitions:
1894: Bernheim organised an important retrospective (R9). 1899: at the auction of the collection of count Doria there werre 25 works of Vignon (R9). In 1900 Vignon exhibits at the Centennale of the Exposition Universelle in a separate room for the Impressionist school (R116I,p294). 1906: the Stumpf collection contained 15 of his works (aR2).
Posthumous there were exhibitions in New York at the Durand-Ruel Gallery in 1923; Amsterdam, 1938; (iR24).
Vignon as an artist:
1869ca: Vignon was a pupil of Corot (iR69;iR24;iR60;R9;R3;R16) and (in-official) of Cals (R3;R9;iR69). 1874-6: Vignon paints with Cézanne and Pissarro (and Guillaumin) in Pontoise, Auvers-sur-Oise and surroundings (iR69;R16;R3;R9), but in the Critical Catalogue of Pissarro this is not mentioned (R116). Still Belloli includes Vignon to the school of Pontoise, including also Béliard and Gauguin (and Guillaumin) (R17,p179). Sometimes it is hard to discern what work is made by whom (R17,p190). Others mention he worked with Pissarro from 1878-80 (iR41). In a letter to Pissarro (1903/02/15) Vignon mentions they have known each other for 30 years (R116I,p315). Vignon was befriended with the art-dealer Gachet, the art-collector Murer and Vincent and Théo van Gogh (R3). Some claim that Vignon was a protégé of Degas (R5,p125;R4,p238), but others oppose him to the faction of Degas (R1,p449).
Vignon wanted to reason the visual impression, to prevail the feeling over the sensation (R9). Vignon constitutes a tenuous link between Corot, the Impressionists and the Barbizon school (iR69). Vignon paintings are bright and well constructed (R9). Some judge that Vignons works show little personality (R1,p522) and are not original (R9). His landscapes became repetitious (R9). His works were more popular with the art-collectors, than with the art-critics (iR41).
Vignon also was an engraver (iR24;iR60;iR69).
He painted much in Clamart, Chatou, Bougival, La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Pontoise, Auvers-sur-Oise, Jouy-le-Comte (R9;iR41). His works are displayed in musea in Amsterdam, Bayonne, Aix-les-Bains, Reims and in musée d’Orsay (R9;aR2).
Victor-Alfred-Paul Vignon, a short biography:
- 1847/12/25: Victor-Alfred-Paul Vignon was born in Villers-Cotterêts (Aisne) (iR69;iR24;iR60;R3;R9;iR1), about 84km north-east of Paris (iR9)
- his mother was Catherine Bouchard (iR69); some say his mother was the sculptor Marie-Cadiot Naomi (iR41).
- Vignon came from a wealthy background (iR41)
- 1878-86: Vignon lived at 29, rue Saint-Georges, Paris (iR1;R2)
- 1886: Vignon lived at Jouy-le-Comte (aR2)
- 1894: large solo exhibition at Bernheim-Jeune (R3).
- 1903/06/04: An auction sale is organised at Hôtel Drouot on behalf of Vignon, who lives in the most abject poverty; Pissarro donates a work (CCP1045) (R116I,p315).
- 1909/03/17: Vignon died in Meulan (-en-Yvelines, also Île-de-France) (iR24;iR69;iR60;R9;R3), 44km west of Paris and 20km south of Pontoise (iR9).
Vignon is not mentioned in the circuit Pontoise (R137). My main sources are Rewald (1973=R1), Moffett (1986, R2), Walther (2013, R3,p702), Denvir (1993, R5), Schurr&Cabanne (2008=R9,p726), Spiess (1992=R16,p362), Belloli (1990=R17), Wildenstein (1996=R22), the Salon database (iR1), Wikipedia (iR3), RKD (iR24), askart (iR41), ULAN (iR60), Bénézit (iR69) and the additional references. For other general references (=R) see. My main sources (for the pictures) from the internet are Wikimedia (iR6) and xx. For other references to internet sites (=iR) see. For other additional references (=aR) see below. See links for practical hints and abbreviations and for the subscription of the paintings.
For further reading:
Bénézit (1976,vol.10,p507=R75;1999,vol.14,p234=R76); Witt (1978,p317=R78); Thieme/Becker (vol.34,p358=R79); Allgemeines Künstlerlexicon (1999-2000,vol.10,p262=R81) (iR24)
- www.victorvignon.free.fr (website about Vignon and related painters; in French)
- www.ville-parmain.fr (Vignon was active in Parmain and surroundings, close to Pontoise)
- www.renefer.org (PDF of the exhibition ‘Impressionnisme dans la vallée d’Oise’ in MCP Pontoise in 2007 = iR109)
- nesleslavallee.fr (reference that Vignon painted in Nesles-la-Vallee; as did Bureau)
- artexpertise (biography on Vignon)
- gallica.bnf.fr//Victor_vignon (posthumus catalogue of 1911; =iR40)
- “Victor Alfred Paul Vignon.” In Database of Modern Exhibitions (DoME). European Paintings and Drawings 1905-1915. Last modified Oct 28, 2019. http://exhibitions.univie.ac.at/person/ulan/500001372 =iR261; overview of contributions of Cals in exhibitions and auctions from 1905-1915