Salon d’Automne

almost finished

Salon d’Automne

1903 onwards

 

 

Introduction:

In 1903 the ‘Société de Salon d’Automne‘ organised their first exhibition at the Palaix des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris (also called the Petit Palais des the Champs-Élysées). They not only exhibited paintings and drawings, but also sculpture, engraving, architecture, decorative arts, books and music. It’s goal was the development of Fine Arts. The number of works admitted was not limited. The members had to subscripes the statutes. Per section of art there was a jury with several members. A sub-commission was responsible for the hanging.

 

1903-1913:

In 1903/10/31-12/06 there were 990 works exhibited and there also was a (sensational) exhibition of 8 works of Gauguin (written as Paul Ganguin), who had died earlier that year 1903/05/08. In 1904/10/15-11/15 there were 2074 works exhibited; on top of that, there were separate rooms for Cézanne (31 works that were ‘triumphantly welcomed’), Puvis de Chavannes (44 works), Odillon Redon (62 works) and Renoir (35 works) and Toulouse Lautrec (28 works). In 1905/10/18-11/25 there were 1636 works exhibited. There also were exhibitions of works of Ingres (68 works) and Edouard Manet (31 works). Louis Vauxcelles called in a review the artists who exhibited in room 7 ‘Fauves‘; that were Charles Camoin, André Derain, Henri Manguin, Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet and Maurice de Vlaminck, all representives of the now known art-movement ‘Les Fauves’. In 1906/10/06-11/15 there were 1805 works exhibited and also a Scandinavian section. There also was a large, posthumous exhibition of art-works of Gauguin from several collections, including the Schuffenecker collection (no.168-179). And also an exhibition of 60 works of Eugène Carrière and a retrospective of Courbet (no titles). In 1907/10/1-22 there were 1788 works exhibited.  There were extra exhibitions of drawings of Rodin (no titles), studies of Sir Francis Seymour Haden, an ‘exposition Belge’ (203 works), a retrospective of Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (149 works), a retrospective of Cézanne (56 works from 3 collections), a retrospective of Berthe Morisot (121 works from the Ernest Rouart collection and 53 works from other collections), 16 works of Eva Gonzalès and a retrospective of medailles. In 1908/10/01-11/08, with Matisse in the jury, the ‘cubist’ paintings of Braque were rejected. 1909/10/01-11/08 there was a retrospective of figures by Corot. 1910/10/01-11/08: Matisse exhibited ‘La dance’ and ‘La musique’; there were cubistic works exhibited; there was a retrospective of Bazille. 1911/10/01-11/08: again there were cubistic works exhibited; there was a retrospective of lithos by Pissarro. 1912/10/01-11/08: there was a room for cubistic artists; there were discussions between various avant garde groups; there was an exposition of portraits from the 19th century and an important section of decorative art. 1913/11/15-1914/01/05: x. During the 1st World War there were no exhibitions. 1919/11/01-12/10: first exhibition after the 1st World War. The Salon d’Automne is still active (iR290).

 

Impressionists at the Salon d’Automne:

Among the founders was a certain Lebourg, also being a chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur and only mentioned in 1903+04; maybe this was Albert Lebourg; he never did participate. Cézanne was mentioned a founder in 1904+05+06; there was a retrospective of his works in 1904+07; in 1907 he was mentioned among the deceased members; some sources mention he was a partaker in 1905+06. Henri Rouart is among the honorable members 1905-07, but he never did exhibit. Renoir was called ‘Président Honneur’ and sociétaire (1905-07), in 1904 there was a retrospective of his works and in 1905+06 he partakes and was part of the commitee. Guillaumin was a partaker from the start in 1903; from 1904-07 he also was a sociétaire, part of the commitee; in 1906 he was ‘president de sections peinture’. Cordey also was a partaker from the beginning in 1903 and a sociétaire from 1904-08; in 1906 he also was part of the jury for the paintings. Raffaëlli seems only to be a partaker in 1905; but still he was a sociétaire in 1906+07 and part of the Jury for the paintings in 1906. Redon was a partaker and sociétaire from 1905-07; in 1904 there was a retrospective with 62 of his works. Among the sociétaires from 1905-07, there also was a Legros; maybe Alphonse LegrosVidal only was a partaker at the first exhibition in 1903. In 1903 and 1906 there was a retrospective of works of Gauguin. In 1907 there was a large retrospective of works by Berthe Morisot. Monet (R22IV,p1018-1024) and Signac (R106,p420/1) never did take part in the exhibitions of the Salon d’Automne.
Note: the following names can be confusing; they did not partake in the ‘impressionist’ expositions: Paul Bracquemond; André Collin (an architect); Paul-Émile Colin (an etcher); Georges Redon.

 

Sources:

My main sources are the catalogues that can be found on the internet, especially those of 1903-1908 (R239;iR19;iR261;iR1). The monographs on the Salon d’Automne in Monneret (1978-81=R88II,p403-405) in Walther (2013=R3,p653). Info in Denvir (1993=R5,p229-232)  Info in books on Renoir (R31,p216) on Gauguin (R36,p82), on Henri Manguin (R176,p13-18+205-212), on Henri Matisse (R216,p64-109). Info on the internet (iR3;iR290).