Forain, account

under construction

Jean-Louis Forain (1852-1931)

Account

 

Forain, an account of his exhibited works with the Impressionists and at the Salon:

Forain did not keep records of his production, he often did not date his works, he created many works bearing the same title and also different titles were given to the same work by Forain himself and by others (R43,p35). All this makes it hard to identify which works Forain exhibited with the Impressionists in 1879, 80, 81, 86 and at the Salon. Here below I give an account of the choices I’ve made and you will find additional information including translations and locations.

 

The fourth impressionist exposition of 1879:

General overview:

  • catalogue numbers 82-107
  • in total Forain exhibited 26 works (and not 25 as Faxon mentions (R43,p20).
    • 25 of them were aquarelles (watercolours and gouaches)
    • 4x time indication of place
    • 0x indication of time, season or weather
    • 0x a study
    • 19 loans (appartient à…), 4 of Mme Martin (97, 101, 102, 103), 3 of Hecht (no.88, 94, 96) and 2 of Alphonse Daudet (no. 105+106), 1 of Chéramy (no.86), 1 of Doucet (87), 1of Mme H. Lamy (90), 1 of Félix Bouchor (92), 1 of Jouron (93), 1 of Huysmans (95), 1 of Mme G.C… (98), 1 of Coquelin (99),  1 of Coquelin Cadet (100), 1 of Léon Hennique (107)
Catalogue 1879:
  • 1879-82          Portrait de M. M…
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. to compare I give: 18xx, portrait of a man (R. de Montesquiou), 81×65, private.

Aquarelles :

  • 1879-83          Portrait de M. Coquelin Cadet , dans le Sphinx
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. Coquelin Cadet owned no.100. As a very uncertain suggestion I give: 18xx, Portrait of an Actor, xx, Philadelphia MA.
  • 1879-84          Portrait de M. H…
    Perhaps portrait of M Huysmans now in Versailles (R2,p268;R50,p75). To compare I give a pastel, now in Musée d’Orsay. This pastel is the only work Faxon refers to (R43,p25).
  • 1879-85          Portrait de M. H…
    Perhaps portrait of M. Huysmans now in Versailles (R2,p268;R50,p75). I wonder if no.84+85 both were portraits of Huysmans. As Hecht owned 3 of the works Forain exhibited it is also presumable that he portrayed Hecht. To compare I give: 18xx, portrait of a man, xx, auctioned 2006/06/21.
  • 1879-86          Intérieur de café ; appartient à M. Chéramy
    Perhaps now in the Cabinet des Dessins of the Louvre (R2,p268 or now: 1879ca, At the Café, gouache, 33×26, Wisselingh & Co Naarden (R2,p282). Forain has made many watercolours of café interiors, what makes it impossible to identify (R2,p282).
  • 1879-87          Fin d’un souper ; appartient à M. Doucet
    Eng.: at the end of the supper / evening meal. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain suggestion I give: 18xx, Après le repas (after the meal), 52×46, auctioned 2011/08/15.
  • 1879-88          Loge d’actrice ; appartient à M. Hecht
    Eng.: Box of the actrice. Perhaps now in MFA Houston (R2,p268). As an uncertain suggestion I give: 1877-79ca, The Admirer, xx, MFA Houston.
  • 1879-89          Sortie de théâtre ; appartient à Mme H. Lamy
    Perhaps now in the Cabinet des Dessins of the Louvre (R2,p268). Is Mme H. Lamy the wife of Franc Lamy? To compare I give a later work: 1885ca, Leaving the Theater, Night-Time Scene, gouache, 33×25, DGG Memphis.
  • 1879-90          Pourtour des Folies-Bergère ; appartient à M. May
  • 1879-91          Pourtour des Folies-Bergère ; appartient à M. Félix Bouchor
  • 1879-92          Pourtour des Folies-Bergère ; appartient à M. Hecht
    No.90-92: Eng.: Gallery of the ‘Folies-Bergère’. The Folies-Bergère was a café where concerts and variety shows were given (R3,p651; see). These works are perhaps now in the cabinet des Dessins of the Louvre or in WA Hartford (R2,p268). As a very uncertain suggestion I give: 1878ca, The Bar at the Folies-Bergère (Scène de café), gouache, 32×20, BM New York (iR6;R50,p96;R43,p16). To compare I also give two etchings.
  • 1879-93          Entr’acte ; appartient à M.  Jouron
    Eng.: intermission. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain suggestion I give: 1879, Intermission on stage.
  • 1879-94          Coulisses de théâtre ; appartient à M. Hecht
  • 1879-95          Coulisses de théâtre ; appartient à M. Huysmans
    Eng.: backstage at the theater. No.94-95: Perhaps in the Cabinet des Dessins of the Louvre or in Boston PL (R2,p268). As uncertain options I give: 1xxx, Dans les coulisses, d30, auctioned 2006/12/01 (iR11) and: 1878, In the Wings, gouache, 36×26, private, (iR2;R3,p180). Forain made many paintings depicting the backstage / the wings of a theatre.
  • 1879-96          Café d’acteurs ; appartient à M. Hecht
    Perhaps now in the Cabinet des Dessins of the Louvre (R2,p268). To compare I give an undated café scene auctioned 2006/06/22 (iR11).
  • 1879-97          Femme au café ; appartient à Mme Martin
    According to Moffett probably now in Brooklyn MA (R2,p268). To compare I give a later work: 1885ca, At a Restaurant, gouache, 33×24, auctioned 2007/06/20 (iR2;iR11)
  • 1879-98          Coin de salon ; appartient à Mme G. C…
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain suggestion I give: 1878, Parisian Salon, gouache, 41×33, DGG Memphis, (iR2)
  • 1879-99          Cabotin en demi-deuil ; appartient à M. Coquelin
    Eng.: actor / comedian partly in morning. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain option I give: 18xx, Head of a Woman with a Veil, xx, NSM Pasadena.
  • 1879-100        Pourtour des Folies-Bergère ;  appartient à M. Coquelin Cadet
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. See the same title in 1879-90-92. To compare I give an etch.
  • 1879-101        Éventail ; appartient à Mme Martin
  • 1879-102        Éventail ; appartient à Mme Martin
  • 1879-103        Éventail ; appartient à Mme Martin
  • 1879-104        Éventail ; appartient à M. Angelo
    Eng.: fan. 101-104 Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. I give as a very uncertain suggestion a work that is now in Memphis. And to compare I give a work from 1903: ‘Eventail pour la bal Gavarni’ which has been auctioned in 2015. I couldn’t find more pictures of fans made by Forain.
  • 1879-105        Un écran ; appartient à M. Alphonse Daudet
  • 1879-106        Un écran ; appartient à M. Alphonse Daudet
    105+106: Eng.: a screen. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. I couldn’t find one picture of a screen made by Forain.
  • 1879-107        Un dessin ; appartient à M. Léon Hennique
    Eng.: a drawing. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. This very common title makes this work hard to identify. Just as a suggestion I render maybe Forains most beautiful drawing: 18xx, La Comédie Parisienne, xx, PP Paris, (iR2).

 

 

The 5th ‘impressionist’ exposition of 1880:

General overview:

  • catalogue numbers 45-54 + hc2
  • according to Browse Forain also exhibited 2 works that were not in the catalogue (=hc=hors catalogue) (R50,p76+79); Moffett doesn’t take over this suggestion, though he uses her work as a source
  • so in total Forain exhibited in 1880 12 works.
    • 7 of them were drawings (no.47-52+hc2) and 2 etchings (no.53+54) and 1 gouache (hc1)
    • 0x time indication of place
    • 0x indication of time, season or weather
    • 1x a study (no.46)
    • 1 loans (appartient à…): no.45 of Mlle. V. de M.
Catalogue 1880: (R2,p311;iR1)
  • 1880-45          Actrice allant rentrer en scène; appartient à Mlle. V. de M.
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain suggestion I give: 18xx, Avant l’entree en scene ou danseuses dans l…, xx, xx.
  • 1880-46          étude d’homme
    Perhaps now in the Cabinet des Dessins of the Louvre (R2,p310). To compare I give a later self-portrait: 1900ca, étude pour un autoportrait présumé, 82×65, auctioned 2018/03/ 23. 
  • 1880-47          Dessin
  • 1880-48          Dessin
  • 1880-49          Dessin
  • 1880-50          Dessin
  • 1880-51          Dessin
  • 1880-52          Dessin
    47-52: Eng.: drawing. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion for these numbers with a very general title. Compare 1879-107 with the same general title. To give an impression of the many drawings Forain made, I give 6 undated suggestions.
  • 1880-53          eau-forte
  • 1880-54          eau-forte
    53+54: Eng.: etch. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion for these two works with a very general title. I render 2 of his many etchings. 
  • 1880-54+hc1 Le client (Maison close)
    Eng.: the client (whorehouse). According to Browse (R50,p76+79) Forain exhibited this work in 1880. This work is not in the catalogue and not mentioned by Moffett (R2,p311). This gouache is quite explicit so I assume it must have been mentioned by some art-critics. I hope someone can point this out.
  • 1880-54+hc2 La promenade du voyou à la Campagne
    Eng.: The walk of the vagabond in the country. Browse adds: illustration to Verlaine’s poem, so I assume this was a drawing. Browse mentions this work in an overview of exhibited works in 1880. This work is not in the catalogue and not mentioned by Moffett (R2,p311). To compare I give a later drawing: 1900, Zwei Männer im Regen (two man in the rain), drawing, 31×24, auctioned 2006/03/31 (iR11).

 

The 7th ‘impressionist’ exposition of 1881:

General overview:

  • catalogue numbers 20-29
  • in total Forain exhibited in 1881 10 works.
    • 4 of them were drawings (no.26-29), 3 water colours (no.22-24) and 1 pastel (no.25)
    • in his suggestions Moffett (R2,p354) often follows Browse (R50)
    • 1x time indication of place
    • 0x indication of time, season or weather
    • 0x a study
    • 1 loans (appartient à…): no.22 of M. E. Blum and no.23 of M. A. Meyer
Catalogue 1881: (R2,p354;iR1)
  • 1881-20          Au théâtre, peinture
    According to Moffett perhaps now in Musée Carnavalet in Paris or NGA Washington (R2,p354). Forain painted many theatre scenes. As an alternative suggestion I give: 1880ca, At the Theater, Orchestra Seats, 26×31, DGG Memphis.
  • 1881-21          Coin de Bal masqué à l’Opéra, peinture
    According to Browse very possibly 1880ca,Un bal a l’Opera, 31×39, private collection in Paris (R50,p99). Moffett follows (R2,p354). As another option I suggest also: Ball in the Paris Grand Opera, 74×61, Puskin (iR6;R3,p262). This work is dated around 1885ca, but looking at the similarities with the painting in Paris I assume this one was also made around 1880. Maybe it was a study for the Paris painting as it looks less finished.
  • 1881-22          Loge d’actrice, aquarelle ; appartient à M. E. Blum
    Moffett suggests 1880, visit à la loge (d’actrice), water colour + gouache, 28×23, Auctioned in 2011 (R2,p354+364). I follow.
  • 1881-23          Couloir de théâtre, aquarelle ; appartient à M. A. Meyer
    Eng.: the corridor of the theater. According to Browse perhaps ‘La rencontre au foyer’ (entre-acte), 34×22, private collection in London (R50,p79). Moffett follows (R2,p354). Maybe the owner was Alfred Meyer. This suggestion of Browse is disputable. As I understand it a ‘couloir’ is something else than a ‘foyer’, which is more spacious and where drinks are served. So as an alternative option I also suggest: 18xx, The Dialogue, 70×55, private, (iR2;iR11). Forain made many theatre scenes. It would be nice if an expert of the theatre world would comment the titles and works of Forains theatre scenes so identification can be made more accurate.
  • 1881-24          Marine, aquarelle ;
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As a very uncertain option I give: 1877, Vue du mont Valérien depuis les quais de la Seine, wc, 16×27, auctioned 2012/03/29. This is more a river scene than a marine, but I couldn’t find any real marine.
  • 1881-25          Portrait de Mlle Madeleine C…, pastel
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As a very uncertain suggestion I give: 1xxx, portrait of a woman (with a red plume hat), pastel, 55×39, auctioned 2017/05/11. 
  • 1881-26          Dessin
  • 1881-27          Dessin
  • 1881-28          Dessin
  • 1881-29          Dessin
    No.26-29: Eng.: drawing. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion for these works. Compare with the same general title 1879-107 + 1880-47-52. I just render 4 undated drawings to give an impression of the many drawings Forain made and he could have exhibited in 1881. 

 

The 8th ‘impressionist’ exposition of 1886:

General overview:

  • catalogue numbers 29-41
  • Moffett also suggests a work that was not in the catalogue (=hc=hors catalogue)
  • so in total Forain exhibited in 1886 14 works.
    • 6 of them were probably drawings (no.39-40)
    • in his suggestions Moffett (R2,p444) sometimes follows Browse (R50) and others
    • 4x time indication of place
    • 0x indication of time, season or weather
    • 3x a study (no.35,36,39)
    • 8 loans (appartient à…): 2 of Durand-Ruel (no.29+33), 1 of Menier (30), Mme. T. (34), Mme de P (37), le comte de F. (38), Mme S. (39), Donnadille (40)
Catalogue 1886: (R2,p444;iR1)
  • 1886-29                Femme à sa toilette; appartient à M. Durand Ruel
    Browse suggests ‘Femme à sa toilette’, 1884ca, 65×55, now in a private collection in London (R50,p81). Moffett follows, I do also.
  • 1886-30                Place de la Concorde; appartient à M. Menier
    Moffett suggests 1884, Place de la Concorde, 71×51, private collection in England (R2,p444+429). I follow.
  • 1886-31                Portrait de Mme W.
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As a very uncertain suggestion I give: 18xx, Portrait de femme au chapeau, 73×60, auctioned 1999/11/02 (iR11)
  • 1886-32                Portrait de Mme S.
    Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain suggestion I give: 18xx, portrait of a lady (à Mathilde Salle), xx, auctioned 2006/06/21.
  • 1886-33                Femme respirant des fleurs; appartient à M. Durand Ruel
    Eng.: Woman smelling / breathing in flowers. Moffett suggests 1883ca, Woman with a Fan, pastel, 90×79, now in Memphis or in a private collection (R2,p444+455). But this work is a pastel, which is not indicated in the catalogue. By lack of alternative I follow Moffett.
  • 1886-34                Femme fumant une cigarette; appartient à Mme. T.
    Eng.: Woman smoking a cigarette. Following Faxon Moffett suggests with a perhaps a work in the Cabinet des Dessins in the Louvre. As a very uncertain suggestion I give: 1882-5ca, The Box (At the Skating Café), 65×93, MFA Boston (iR2;R43,p38). The woman in the middle is smoking a cigarette.
  • 1886-35                Tête d’étude
  • 1886-36                Tête d’étude
    no. 35+36: Eng.: studie of a head. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion for these works. As very uncertain suggestions I give: 18xx, Bust of a Small Boy in a Red Coat, 46×40, FM Cambridge and: 18xx, Tête de femme (Young Lady with Hat Decorated with Cherries), 64×53, auctioned 2017/10/15 (iR11;iR10). 
  • 1886-37                Jeune fille au bal; appartient à Mme de P.
    Following Faxon (no.8) Moffett suggests with a perhaps a work in the Galerie Reichenbach. To compare I give a gouache: 1885ca, At the Masked Ball, gouache, 34×25, private.
  • 1886-38                Femme en noir; appartient à M. le comte de F.
    Eng.: woman in black. Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. As an uncertain option I give: 18xx, Elégante à la robe noire dans un fauteuil, 46×37, auctioned 2016/09/14.
  • 1886-39                Souvenir de Chantilly (esquisse en grisaille) ; appartient à Mme S.
    Eng.: Souvenir from Chantilly (study on gray paper). I assume this is a drawing, but it is not clear. Following Faxon Moffett suggests a work in a private collection in Paris. Chantilly lies about 50km north of Paris (see map). Just to compare I give one of the few landscapes Forain drew: 1xxx, La Chaumière, drawing, 22×34,  auctioned 2012/05/02.
  • 1886-40                Un coin à l’Opéra (dessin à l’encre de Chine) ; appartient à M. Donnadille
    Eng.: In the corner of the Opera (drawing with Chinese ink). Moffett doesn’t give a suggestion. To compare I give: 1xxx, Un coin des coulisses de l’Opéra, gouache, 33×20, auctioned 2003/02/27. It seems that apart from gouache Forain has also used ink for the art-work.
  • 1886-41                Pompier dans les coulisses de l’Opéra
    Eng.: Fire-eater or fireman backstage in the Opéra or in the wings of the Opera. Following Chagnaud-Forain (no.28) Moffett suggests a work now in the Gallery Reichenbach (R2,p444). To compare I give another work (one of many) depicting the wings of the Opera: 1883, un coin des coulisses de l’Opéra, gouache, xx, auctioned 2004/06/22.
  • 1886-41+hc         Jacques Blanche
    Moffett, following Faxon suggests: 1884, Portrait de Jacques-Emile Blanche, 64×40, MBA Rouen (R2,p444). blanche was a painter and an art-critic (R43,p36). I follow, rendering my own picture.

 

 

Forain at the Salon:

 

S1874-R Bouteille de Marasquin avec un paquet de biscuits
Eng.: A bottle with Marasquin (a sort of liquor) with a packet of cookies. His ‘Still-life with a bottle’ was refused (R43,p13;R50,p21). To compare I give one of his few known still lives: 1xxx, Nature morte, xx, auctioned 2005/10/26 (iR11).

S1884-951  Le buffet
Now: 1883-4, Le buffet (La comédie français), 94×148, private (iR11;iR41;R50,p26+101;R43,p36)

S1885-993 Le veuf
Now: 1884-5, The widower,140×99, Orsay (iR6;R50,p26+102;R43,p57)