The English landscapist turned against the painting of idealized landscapes and began painting landscapes as they are, rendering it in a pure, natural way (R58, p121+144). Also rendering the special mood and atmosphere of the landscape influenced by the different weather conditions and the different circumstances of light (R3,p20).
In 1824 Bonington and Constable won a golden medal for their paintings exhibited at the Paris Salon. They inspired the painters of the Barbizon school and also Delacroix (R59, p51/2; R3,p19). In England in 1871: Monet and Pissarro were inspired by Constable, Turner and others. Pissarro also criticize them: ‘they have no idea how to analyse shadow’ (R5,p71).
Bonington, Richard-Parkes (1801-1828):
1816: moved to Calais, France. Salon 1824: gold medal; inspired members of the Barbizon-school (R59, p.51). Befriended with Delacroix (R3,p23). 1825: painted in Fontainebleau. Painted many seascapes with large skies; also city views. Tried to render atmosphere and catch the light (R58,p163). He used many greyish tones and his brushstroke is quite smooth. He died young at the age of 27. More info; pictures.
Constable, John (1776-1836):
Salon 1824: gold medal; inspired members of the Barbizon-school. He was a master of clouds, wind and turbulent skies (R61,p20). He often dated on the back of his oil sketches location, date and time of day (R61, p14). Painted his oil-paint studies en-plein-air (R60,p47). Constable his brushstroke was more expressive in his studies, trying to catch a casual effect. He wrestled with loosing this effect when he added details, which he did with the finished paintings he submitted to the Royal Academy (the British equivalent of the Paris Salon). These full scale studies were done with oil paint and (probably) en-plein-air (R58, p145-9). More info; pictures.
Turner, Joseph Mallord William (1775-1851):
Turner often used dramatic elements. Some of his later paintings are close to abstraction, as he said himself ‘light dissolves form’ (R58, p.120). xxx
More info; pictures; art-turner.com .