Béliard, account expo’s

almost finished

Edouard Béliard (1832-1912)

Account expositions

 

 

Introduction:

Here you will find an account of the paintings Béliard has exhibited at the ‘impressionist’ expositions in 1874 and 1876 and of the works he submitted to the Salon in 1868, 1873, 1880 and 1881. Also you will find the titles of his posthumous catalogue rendered thematically. 

 

The first ‘impressionist’ exposition 1874:

GENERAL OVERVIEW:
  • catalogue numbers 13 – 16
  • so in total Béliard exhibited 4 works ;
    • 2x an indication of place
    • 0x an indication of time, season or weather
    • 0x a study
    • 1x a loan (no.13)
THE CATALOGUE NUMBERS:

1874-13          Le Fort de la Halle (appartient à M.D.)
Eng.: the porter (?) of the market place. Compare etch and several pictures. So probably this was a figure painting.

1874-14          Saules
Eng.: willows. Compare: P1913-48. P1913-74 has the same title. So Béliard had not sold this work.

1874-15          Rue de l’Hermitage, à Pontoise
See location in map. See also Google-images (iR10). An uncertain suggestion is: 1873-77ca, Street scene, 39×47, AI Chicago (iR6;iR30).  Maybe this was the same work as 1876-6.

1874-16          Vallée d’Auvers
See location of Auvers-sur-Oise. To compare I render: 1860-76ca, Fortified Farmstead near Pontoise, 95×73, Axx (iR103;iR10).

 

The 2nd ‘impressionist’ exposition 1876:

GENERAL OVERVIEW:
  • catalogue numbers 1 – 8
  • so in total Béliard exhibited 8 works ;
    • 7x an indication of place (3x of Pontoise)
    • 1x an indication of time, season or weather
    • 0x a study
    • 0x a loan
THE CATALOGUE NUMBERS:

1876-1             Bords de l’Oise
For info on the Oise see. Moffett (R2,p160) suggests (with a perhaps) a work that’s now in the Musée Municipal d’Étampes (=aR2), but he doesn’t indicate which one. Probably the same as Monneret suggests: ‘Bords de l’Oise à Pontoise’ now in Musée d’Étampes (R88,p65;aR6,p191). This is probably: 1875, Le Quai du Pothuis, effet de neige (Banks of the Oise), 72×91, MdÉtampe (see location along the Oise). This last work was donated to the Museum in 1913 and exhibited in London in 1876 (aR6,p152). Besnus mentions a work called ‘Les bords de la Seine à Pontoise’ that was praised by art-critics, namely Mario Proth, Auguste Dalligny, Gonzaque Privat, Eugène Véron (aR6,p176). But these art-critics are not mentioned by Moffett as one of the art-critics that reviewed the 2nd ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1876 (R2,p490/1). Balas (1947) mentions this work is in the l’Hôtel de Ville d’Étampes (aR6,p187), probably the same location.
I have doubts if this was the work exhibited as 1876-1. It is clear that this work was exhibited in London in 1876. Was this an exhibition by Durand-Ruel? During which months was this exhibition? Maybe the time of the exhibitions overlapped.  Monneret mentions that  Schurr describes ‘the soft touch and lively and vibrant tones’ of this work (aR6,p193). WGA comments on this work: ‘Edouard Béliard painted with Pissarro, from whom he took the structure and composition of street views with figures and the creation of spatial depth by the use of twisted lanes.’ (iR104).

I give two other uncertain suggestions:
1860-76ca, Banks of the Oise, 33×41, private or A2015 (iR2;iR16)
1860-76ca, Banks of the Oise, 33×45, A2007/12/13 (iR2;iR14;iR41)

1876-2             Fabriques au bord de l’Oise
See info 1876-1. An uncertain suggestion is: 1872-75, Béliard, Pontoise, view of the Lock, 38×65, MCP Pontoise. Lock or sluice-gate = Nl.: schutssluis; Fr.: écluse (see location).

1876-3             Rue de village
Eng.: village street. A very general title, so hard to identify. An uncertain suggestion is: 18xx,, Streetscene, xx, xx and: 18xx, Rue de village, 31×17, A2012 (iR102;iR10;iR16).

1876-4             La rue de Chaufour à Etampes, effet de neige
For the location see map. Étampes lies about 50km south of Paris. To compare I give: 1878, Moulin de Chauffour, effect of snow, 77×108 Musée d’Étampes. Note: the contemporary spelling is with double ff . A side street of the Rue de Chauffour is called Rue du Moulin á Tan. So it’s very possible there was a mill in Béliard’s days. This work was probably donated to the Musée d’Étampes in 1913 and exhibited in Philadelphia in 1878 (aR6,p152). Besnus also calls this work ‘Moulin de Chauffour, effet de neige’ and comments ‘He excels in snow effects, which are always highly commented.’ (aR6,p176). Balas (1947) mentions this work is in the l’Hôtel de Ville d’Étampes (aR6,p187).

1876-5             Port de Granville
For the possible location on the southside of the Normandy peninsula see map. This must be a harbour view. Béliard made several works in Granville, see the posthumous catalogue.

1876-6             Rue de l’Hermitage, à Pontoise
Maybe the same work as 1874-15.

1876-7             Rue Dorée, à Pontoise
For the possible location Rue du Faisan Doré see map. Compare my suggestions for number 3 and 6.

1876-8             Promenade des Fossés, à Pontoise
Eng. maybe: walk along the canal, at Pontoise. For the location of Pontoise see map. As an uncertain suggestion I give: 1872-73, Boulevard de Fossés, Pontoise, xx, private. There is no location with the name Fossés in it in Pontoise. But there is a sort canal the is called ‘La Viosne’ (see).

 

 

Béliard at the Salon:

My main sources are the Salon database of Musée d’Orsay (=iR1) see . For the other general references (=R) see and for references to internet sites (=iR) see . (Note: an artist mostly submitted two works at the Salon.)
Krämer writes Béliard takes part in the Salon from 1868-1881 (R21,p277), which suggest a regular exhibition, which is not true.

 

S1867

Besnus suggests that Béliard died exhibit ‘Pont Saint-Ange à Rome’ at the Salon of 1867 (aR6,p170). Balas (1947) follows him (aR6,p187), so does Monneret (R88,p65;aR6,p190) and Walther (R3,p647). But this is not affirmed by the Salon database (iR1). Besnus describes the work as: ‘It is designed in a warm and blonde range. The sky and water have good qualities of depth and transparency in contrast to the vigorous halftones of the shady parts of the bridge, the churches and the Château Saint-Ange, which are reflected in the waters of the Tiber. The sun is soft and caressing. The colourful design is rich and opulent.’ (aR6,p170/1).

S1868-170 Intérieur d’atelier
Eng.: interieur of a studio. I guess one of his few interieurs. In a review of 1881 this is called his debut. This work is described as a ‘gender painting revealing a conscientious observation and imitation of nature’. (aR6,p132)

SdR1873-346 Rue Rochechouart (étude)
So probably Béliard was refused for the Salon of 1873. See map for a possible location in Paris.

S1878
In the posthumous catalogue (P1913-8) there was a work titled ‘ La Prairie de Saint-Martin’. There was added that is was exhibited at the Salon of 1878. (aR6,p157) Besnus also mentions that ‘les 4 chemins à Étampes’ was exhibited at the Salon of 1878. But this is not confirmed by the Salon database (iR1).

S1880-231 Le faubourg Saint-Martin à Etampes, pendant la neige
The indicated mesures are 38×56. Eng.: The suburb Saint-Martin at Étampes, during the snow (see possible location). A contemporary review wrote: ‘Snow effect very truly rendered. The fields / plains, the houses and the land / grounds, everything is rendered in a just way and proves that this talented painter is on an excellent path.’ (aR6,p131). =P1913-0 (aR6,p157). Besnus mentions this work as a work praised by art-critics (aR6,p176).

S1881-121 L’housche de Saint-Martin, à Etampes
This work was given to the Musée d’Étampe in 1913 after Béliard his death, it than is called ‘L’Ouche de Saint-Martin’. This title is rendered two times, one being exhibited in 1881 and one exhibited at the Salon in 1881. (aR6,p152). The meaning of ‘l’housche’ or ‘l’ouche’ is unclear. Saint-Martin is a suburb of Étampes (see 1880-231) but also a church in Étampes (see info). A contemporary review describes the painting: ‘Under a clear and silvery sky, the silhouette of a massif of green trees, at the foot of which a trail of sunlight plays. In the background, the bell tower and the church of Étampes dominate the city’s with their grey rooftops, where a road leads through the meadow, in the shade in the foreground.’ It is called ‘a conscientious and sincere direct study’. (aR6,p132). Compare ‘Dans L’ouche de Saint-Martin d’Étampes’ =P1913-2 (aR6,p157). I render an untitled work with no further information from Google images that describes very well the review: Béliard, 1881ca, L’Ouche de Saint-Martin (detail), xx, MdÉtampes (iR10;aR6,p132+152+157) Probably: S1881-121, L’housche de Saint-Martin, à Étampes. So I assume l’ouche or l’housche is a part of the church, maybe the bell tower.

S1881-122 Les courtils de Saint-Martin, à Etampes
Eng.: the meaning of ‘courtils’ is unclear.  Also see 1881-121. A contemporary review describes it as ‘a small landscape where you can see haystacks erected on the land stripped of their harvests, and, at the bottom, the bell tower of a church, probably that of Saint Martin.’ That his work was ill placed and that Béliard was never rewarded is explained as due to his independent spirit.   (aR6,p132/3). In the posthumous catalogue: P1913-116 (aR6,p159).

 

 

The posthumous catalogue of Béliard, 1913:

Here below I will render the paintings and studies mentioned in the posthumous catalogue of the auction held in 1913 (aR6,p157-166). I will do so thematically and also will mention the sums for which they were sold. Some works will be mentioned more than one time.

Works exhibited:

Note: it is often unclear where these works were exhibited. Besnus refers to paintings that had been exhibited several days at an art-dealer in Le Havre (aR6,p179).

108 — Pont Saint-Ange à Rome. Exposé en 1867
(sold for 500 francs ; considered his major work; aR6,p163; see map)
98 — Intérieur d’Atelier. Exposé au Salon en 1868.
(sold for 300 francs, aR6,p163; Besnus mentions it was owned by Richou, who made a buste of Béliard and was his friend. Besnus gives this description: ‘It is eloquently simple in its expression and significantly calm. A woman sits in the studio with her eyes half-closed. She dreams, leaning against the wall.  Her feet rest on the bars of a stepladder.  A cardboard box on an easel in front of her is closed…… Some canvases are hung on the walls.  Silence reigns in this sanctuary of work.  What thoughts come to light the forehead of this young woman whose face seems to reflect an intimate ecstasy and is nestled in beauty and intelligence… There is a feeling of Corot in the way Édouard Béliard dealt with this subject, which is so evocative and impressive.  It is consistently made in the same grey range. Low daylight gently filters from the tiles of the workshop frame and spreads into the room.  The single patch of the young woman’s garment of long skirt creates a more accentuated value on
the rest of the whole, where a feeling of morbid delicacy and a rare distinction prevails.’ (aR6,p178/9) It is sad that such a well described work seems to have been disappeared.
48 — Les Saules. Exposé en 1874.
(sold for 10 francs ; aR6,p162; see 1874-14)
97 — Le Quai de Pothuis, à Pontoise. Exposition de Londres en 1876
(sold for 200 francs ; aR6,p163; given to Musée Municipal d’Étampes; aR6,p152; maybe an exhibition of Durand-Ruel?)
101 — Rue de l’Ermitage, à Pontoise. Exposé en 1876.
(sold for 100 francs ; aR6,p163; see 1874-15 + 1876-6)
38 — Rue des Moulins, à Étampes. Exposé en 1877
(sold for 35 francs, aR6,p162; mentioned by Besnus, aR6,p177; It is unclear where this work was exhibited.; see map)
118 — Rue Reverseleux, à Étampes. Exposé en 1877.
(sold for 1000 francs, aR6,p163; given to Musée Municipal d’Étampes, aR6,p152; mentioned by Besnus, aR6,p177; It is unclear where this work was exhibited.;  see map)
96 — Petit-Saint-Mars, près d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877
(sold for 100 or 500 francs ; aR6,p163+165; see map)
99 — Lavoir sur la rivière d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877.
(sold for 90 francs, aR6,p163; mentioned by Besnus, aR6,p177)
103 — Moulin de Vaujouan près d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877
(sold for 70 francs ; aR6,p163; named by Besnus, aR6,p177; probably not existing anymore)
23 — Les 4-Chemins à Étampes. Exposé en 1878
(sold for 15 francs, aR6,p163; mentioned by Besnus to be exhibited at the Salon of 1878, aR6,p177; It is unclear where this work was exhibited.)
8 — La Prairie de Saint-Martin. Exposé au Salon en 1878.
(This is not affirmed by the Salon database; iR1)
111 — Moulin de Chauffour, « effet de Neige ». Exposition de Philadelphie en 1878
(sold for 320 or 300 francs ; note: the exhibition is now dated as 1877; aR6,p163+165; given to Musée Municipal d’Étampes; aR6,p152; This work had a great succes, R88,p65;aR6,p191. Compare 1876-4)
0 — Faubourg Saint-Martin d’Étampes, « Effet de neige ». Exposé au Salon en  1880.
(See S1880-231)
4 — L’Ouche de Saint-Martin. Exposé en 1881.
(sold for 100 or 200 francs, aR6,p163; given to Musée Municipal d’Étampes, aR6,p152. It is unclear where this work was exhibited.)
100 — L’Ouche de Saint-Martin. Exposé au Salon en 1881
(sold for 100 or 200 francs, aR6,p163; given to Musée Municipal d’Étampes, aR6,p152; by Besnus titled as ‘dans l’ouche de Saint-Martin’, aR6,p177; see also S1881-121)
116 — Les courtils de Saint-Martin. Exposé en 1881
(sold for 50 francs, aR6,p163; mentioned by Besnus, aR6,p177; see also S1881-122)

Works of his own house and his studio:

Note: in 1886 Paul Alexis refers to a ‘portal and vue on 15, rue de Chauffour, with Miss Béliard sitting in the shades’ (aR6,p181).

5 — Ma Maison
11 — Mon Jardin.
106 — Dans mon Jardin
112 — Dans mon Jardin.
109 — Étude dans mon Jardin
98 — Intérieur d’Atelier. Exposé au Salon en 1868.
15 — Étude d’atelier.
24 — Étude d’Atelier
84 — Étude d’Atelier
85 — Étude d’Atelier.
18 — Au Repos, étude d’atelier

 (Rue de) Chauffour (at Étampes) :
(Béliard lived / died at no. 15; see also 1876-4)

6 — Le Moulin de Chauffour
(given to Musée Municipal d’Étampes; aR6,p152)
111 — Moulin de Chauffour, « effet de Neige ». Exposition de Philadelphie en 1878
16 — Rue de Chauffour

 Étampes:

14 — Vue d’Étampes rue Badran
(sold for 200 francs ; aR6,p165; see map)
23 — Les 4-Chemins à Étampes. Exposé en 1878
38 — Rue des Moulins, à Étampes. Exposé en 1877
118 — Rue Reverseleux, à Étampes. Exposé en 1877.
68 — Le Pont-Doré à Étampes
(the bridge seems to have been disappeared; see map)
88 — Le Pont Doré
96 — Petit-Saint-Mars, près d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877
99 — Lavoir sur la rivière d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877.
110 — Lavoir sur la Rivière d’Étampes.
(sold for 35 francs ; aR6,p162)
113 — Tourelle de Jean Le Bâtard
(sold for 38 francs ; aR6,p162; probably disappeared; see images; see map)
Note: Besnus writes that Béliard also made paintings of the banks of the rivers ‘la Juine’ and ‘la Chalouette’ in Étampes  (aR6,p177).

Saint-Martin:

Note 1: a suburb of Étampes and the name of the church in Étampes.
Note 2: Paul Alexis describes in 1886 a work ‘Le Clocher de la paroisse Saint-Martin’ a midst trees, shade and a strike of sunshine (aR6,p181).
2 — Dans l’Ouche de Saint-Martin d’Étampes
4 — L’Ouche de Saint-Martin. Exposé en 1881.
100 — L’Ouche de Saint-Martin. Exposé au Salon en 1881
(See S1881-121)
10 — Vue de l’Ouche de Saint-Martin.
21 — L’Ouche de Saint-Martin.
(
sold for 30 francs ; aR6,p163)
17 — Carrières de Saint-Martin
(Eng.: quarry of Saint-Martin
22 — Les Carrières de Saint-Martin.
116 — Les courtils de Saint-Martin. Exposé en 1881
(See S1881-122)
67 — Étude à Saint-Martin
78 — Étude à Saint-Martin.

surroundings Étampes :

3 — Moulin de Vaujouan, près d’Étampes
(sold for 800 francs ; aR6,p165)
103 — Moulin de Vaujouan près d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877
7 — La Prairie de Saint-Martin
8 — La Prairie de Saint-Martin. Exposé au Salon en 1878.
28 — Étude à Villemartin près d’Étampes
66 — Étude au Four-Blanc, près d’Étampes
Besnus mentions a work called ‘Le Four Blanc’ (aR6,p177). See map

 

Pointoise:

Note: Paul Alexis mentions in 1886 a work called ‘Le Grand pont de Pontoise’ and describes it as ‘approximately completed in a few hours’ (aR6,p182).
87 — Vue de Pontoise
9 — Vue du Pont de Pontoise.
32 — Boulevard des Fossés, à Pontoise.
(Compare 1876-8 Promenade des Fossés, à Pontoise)
95 — Maison de Maria Deraismes, à Pontoise
97 — Le Quai de Pothuis, à Pontoise. Exposition de Londres en 1876
101 — Rue de l’Ermitage, à Pontoise. Exposé en 1876.
(See 1874-15 + 1876-6).
27 — Étude, Pontoise
29 — Petite Étude à Pontoise, « Effet de Neige ».

 

Tréport :

(Tréport lies about 150km north of Le Havre, see map)

13 — Au Tréport
65 — Au Tréport
77 — le Tréport. Étude au couteau
81 — Au Tréport. Étude au couteau.
91 — Au Tréport. Étude au couteau
80 — Intérieur de Ferme, au Tréport
94 — Pêcheuse au Tréport
93. Étude de Bateau au Tréport
92. Étude au Tréport

 Granville :

31 — Granville
107 — Granville.
36 — Port de Granville
(compare 1876-5)
82 — Port de Granville
102 — Le Port de Granville
104 — Sémaphore de Granville
See images, and map.

 Paris + Orléans:

25 — Après la Guerre, environs de Paris
62 — Études. Environs de Paris
35 — Les Gamereaux, près d’Orléans.
Orléans lies about 125km south of Paris, see map.

 
Italy :

1 — Grand Canal de Venise.
12 — Vue de Venise
33 — Maison en Italie
34 — Vue d’Italie.
108 — Pont Saint-Ange à Rome. Exposé en 1867
Besnus praises this work (see above S1867) and writes: ‘
Many other of his studies in Italy show the same harmonious and fine serenity.’ (aR6,p170/1)

 

landscapes, sea views :

64 — Paysage
76 — Petit Paysage
19 — Étude de Paysage.
48 — Les Saules. Exposé en 1874.
(See 1874-14).
74 — Les Saules
61 — Sous Bois
115 — Sous Bois
50 — Étude Marine.
70 — Étude Marine.
79 — Étude de Bateau.
93. Étude de Bateau au Tréport

 

farms and washing houses:

37 — Intérieur de Ferme.
(sold for 22 francs ; aR6,p162)
75 — Intérieur de Ferme
80 — Intérieur de Ferme, au Tréport
117 — Intérieur de Ferme
60 — Lavoir
63 — Lavoir
99 — Lavoir sur la rivière d’Étampes. Exposé en 1877.
110 — Lavoir sur la Rivière d’Étampes.

 

figure painting:

20 — Un Militaire
86 — Une Pêcheuse
(Eng. : a fisherwoman)
94 — Pêcheuse au Tréport
49. — Étude de Femme.
105 — Étude Tête de Femme.
114 — Étude Femme
83 — Étude homme
69 — Tête d’Homme

 

studies with palet knife :

71. — Sur la Colline. Étude au couteau
Eng. : at the hill
77 — le Tréport. Étude au couteau
81 — Au Tréport. Étude au couteau.
 

untitled studies :

26 — Petite Étude
30 — Étude
39 à 47 — Études diverses
51 à 59 — Études diverses
72 — Étude.
73 — Étude
89 à 90 — Études