On this page you will find an explanation of the notes and the links in the subscriptions of the pictures
Every picture on this website has a subscription.
- The name of the artist
I only use the last name. (When given on the page of the artist himself I mostly leave out the name.)
With lesser known artists I make an overview page of the known paintings. Mostly rendered per theme. Sometimes rendered with a counting. HR1.1 for example means: a picture of Henry Rouart belonging to the first theme (his family), the first picture from this theme (see).
With lesser known artists it is sometimes not sure if it really is made by the artist. Sometimes the name is followed by information about the signature. S- = there is no signature. Sbl = the signature is found at the bottom of the painting at the left. Sbr = bottom right. Stl = top left. Str = top right.
- Then you will find the year in which the painting was made
(ca = approximately)
18xx = the date is unknown, but probably in the 19th century
- Then, if known, you will find the number of the catalogue raisonné on the artist, noted for example as: CR237.
- Then you will find the title in English and/or French.
(as indicated by the museum, the Catalogue Raisonné or other sources)
Sometimes between brackets you will find an alternative title.
- Info on the used technique.
When the painting is made with oil paint (on canvas) I don’t render info, which is mostly. When it is an oil painting made on wood or board I (mostly) add this.
When the painting is a watercolour, including gouache I render ‘wc’.
When the painting is a pastel I render ‘pastel’.
When it is a sort of drawing I render ‘drawing’ or ‘dr’.
When it is a sort of engraving I render ‘etch’ or ‘graphic’ or ‘litho’. Sometimes added with the specific technique: ‘ps’ = point sèche or dry-point.
When there are several techniques used I render ‘mixed’.
For more info about the used technique look in the sources.
- Then you will find (round off) the measures in centimeters
(divide with 2,54 and you will have the inches)
I round off to whole centimeters. 73,5 = 74; 73,4 = 73. Sources mostly give a slight variation in measures. I render an average. When you are interested in the exact measures look in the sources I used, especially of the musea or auction sites.
When the measures or not known I render ‘xx’
- Then you will find the location where you can find the painting now
- The musea are shortly indicated with Orsay or MFA Boston
For more information about the museum look at the overview of the most important musea.
When the museum provides additional information about the painting the name has a link in turkoois to this page of the museum.
- When the work is in a private collection it is mentioned as ‘private’
Sometimes with the name of (the owner of) the collection
Sometimes with the country or place where the private collection is found
But mostly I leave out this information. You may find it in the sources indicated.
- When the work has been auctioned I will render for example: A2003/12/13, which means the picture has been auctioned 13 December 2003. More information you can find in the sources I used.
Mostly afterwards the painting disappears in a private collection, not to be admired by the common people.
- When the location is not known I render ‘xx’.
- When a work is more famous you will find more links:
‘more info’ leads to more info about the painting on the internet (for example at Wikipedia)
‘zoom’ leads to a page where you can zoom in on the painting, for example to the Google-Art-Project
‘video’ leads to a video with more information (mostly on YouTube)
- At last you will find the most important sources of the painting I used.
The sources are indicated as such: The general references (mostly books) are indicated like ‘R2’. Internet pages are indicated as ‘iR3’. Additional references are found at the bottom of the main page of the artist and are indicated as ‘aR4’.
I start with the source that provided the picture I used (and revised). The most used sources with large databases of pictures are www.the-athenaeum.org (=iR2), www.commons.wikimedia.com (iR6), www.mutualart.com (=iR11), www.artnet.com (=iR13), ‘Joconde‘ (=iR23) and (often not reliable) images.google.com (=iR10).
I don’t render the name of the one that made the picture. Please look at the first source mentioned for this information. I acknowledge that it is an art to make a good picture and therefor I would like to honour the makers. But it would cost to much space on the pages and the readability would be lessened. I also like to emphasize that the paintings are public domain and that I have revised (almost) all the pictures.
When I have made the picture myself I indicate it as ‘BVC’ of ‘HW’. You may use it without reference.
- Mostly I have revised the picture I used.
Often I brighten up the colours, assuming that through the years the colours have been paled out.
Sometimes the source picture has screaming colours which don’t look original. Than I make the colours less screaming. I also compare several sources to estimate what is an appropriate reproduction of the painting.
Frames I mostly remove.
- When you click on a picture it will be rendered in a full page without the frame of the website. Than you can click back and forth to see the others pictures on that page. (Note: This hasn’t been realised on all pages yet.)
Reverences to the expositions where the painting was showed:
On the pages with pictures of the works that were exhibited at one of the ‘impressionist’ expositions or at the Salon you will find the reverences mentioned below at the beginning, followed by the title given in the catalogue (in French) and followed by an indication of how certain this picture represents the picture that was exhibited (now, perhaps, (very) uncertain, option, compare). When this picture is used on another page or mostly quite uncertain, this information is rendered at the end.
- 1877-186 stands for the third ‘impressionist’ exposition in 1877 with the catalogue number 186
- 1874-165+hc indicates that the work was not inserted in the catalogue of the first ‘impressionist’ exposition of 1874 but belonged to (in this example) Sisley, who’s latest number in the catalogue is 1874-165
(hc = hors catalogue = outside the catalogue)
- 1874-hc indicates that the work but also the artist was not inserted in the catalogue (of 1874)
- S1879-2527 stands for the 1879 exhibition of the Paris Salon with the catalogue number 2527
- S1863-A means that the painting was accepted at the Paris Salon of 1863 but the catalogue number is unknown
- S1863-R indicates that the submitted painting was refused by the jury of the Paris Salon in 1863
- SdR1863-363 stands for the Salon-des-Refuses of 1863 with the catalogue number 363
- SdR1863-hc indicates that the picture was exhibited at the Salon-des-Refuses of 1863, but was not inserted in the catalogue